Advertisement

Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 51–63 | Cite as

Productivity of annual cropping and agroforestry systems on a shallow Alfisol in semi-arid India

  • M. R. Rao
  • C. K. Ong
  • P. Pathak
  • M. M. Sharma
Article

Abstract

An experiment was conducted at ICRISAT Center, Patancheru, India from June 1984 to April 1988 on a shallow Alfisol to determine whether the productivity of annual crop systems can be improved by adding perennial species such as Leucaena leucocephala managed as hedgerows. Except in the first year, crop yields were suppressed by Leucaena due to competition for moisture. The severity of competition was high in years of low rainfall and on long-duration crops such as castor and pigeonpea. Based on total biomass, sole Leucaena was most productive; even on the basis of land productivity requiring both Leucaena fodder and annual crops, alley cropping had little or no advantage over block planting of both components. Application of hedge prunings as green manure or mulch on top of 60 kg N and 30 kg P2O5ha−1 to annual crops did not show any benefit during the experimental period, characterized by below average rainfall. Indications are that (i) alley cropping was beneficial in terms of soil and water conservation with less runoff and soil loss with 3 m alleys than with 5.4 m alleys, and (ii) root pruning or deep ploughing might be effective in reducing moisture competition.

Key words

perennials agroforestry alley cropping hedgerow intercropping Leucaena pearl millet pigeonpea castor semi-arid tropics 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. El-Swaify SA, Sardar Singh and Pathak P(1987) Physical and conservation constraints and management components for SAT Alfisols. In: Proceedings of the Consultants' Workshop on the State of Art and Management Alternatives for Optimizing the Productivity of SAT Alfisols and Related Soils, 1–3 December 1983. Pantancheru, India, ICRISATGoogle Scholar
  2. Hoekstra D, Huxley PA and Rocheleau D (1985) Diagnosis of land use systems and design of agroforestry interventions for drylands in Karnataka, India. Nairobi, ICRAF, 150 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. ICRISAT (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics) (1986) Annual Report 1985. Pantancheru, India, ICRISAT, 304 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Kang BT, Reynolds L and Attah-Krah AN (1990) Alley farming. Advances in Agronomy 43: 315–59Google Scholar
  5. Lal R (1989) Agroforestry systems and soil surface management of a tropical Alfisol: 1. Soil moisture and crop yields. Agroforestry Systems 8: 7–30Google Scholar
  6. Rao MR, Sharma MM and Ong CK (1990) A study of the potential of hedgerow intercropping in semi-arid India using a two-way systematic design. Agroforestry Systems 11: 243–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Rao MR, Sharma MM and Ong CK (1991) A tree/crop interface design and its use for evaluating the potential of hedgerow intercropping. Agroforestry Systems 13: 143–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Reddy MS and Willey RW (1985) Evaluation of alternate cropping systems for Alfisols of the Indian semi-arid tropics. Experimental Agriculture. 21: 271–280Google Scholar
  9. Singh RP, Ong CK and Saharan N (1989a) Above ground and below ground interactions in alley cropping in semi-arid India. Agroforestry Systems 9: 259–274Google Scholar
  10. Singh RP, Rick van den Beldt RJ, Hocking D and Korwar GR (1989b) Alley farming in the semi-arid regions of India. In: Alley Farming in the Humid and Sub-humid Tropics: Proceedings of an International Workshop held at Ibadan, Nigeria, 10–14 March 1986. Ottawa, IDRC, pp 108–122Google Scholar
  11. Willey RW (1979) Intercropping — its importance and research needs. Part I. Competition and yield advantages. Field Crop Abstracts 32(1): 1–10Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Rao
    • 1
  • C. K. Ong
    • 1
  • P. Pathak
    • 2
  • M. M. Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.International Council for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF)NairobiKenya
  2. 2.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)A. P.India

Personalised recommendations