Vegetatio

, Volume 122, Issue 2, pp 111–127 | Cite as

The vegetation of the forest-steppe region of Hustain Nuruu, Mongolia

  • M. F. Wallis de Vries
  • N. Manibazar
  • S. Dügerlham
Article

Abstract

The vegetation of a forest-steppe region in Hustain Nuruu, Mongolia, was studied by a phytocoenological approach. Eleven plant communities were recognized, comprising four steppe communities, two meadow communities, a tussock grassland, two shrub communities, a scrub community and a woodland community. The botanical and ecological characteristics of the different communities are discussed, with reference to the existing classification of Mongolian plant communities. Analysis of the present data indicates that a refinement or extension of the classification system is desirable, especially concerning the steppe(-related) communities. Discussion of the relative distribution of steppe and forest reveals that in the relatively dry location of Hustain Nuruu grassland and shrubland dominate the natural vegetation (88% of the area). Forest covers ca. 5% of the area, it is limited to sites where ground water is within rooting depth: north slopes above 1400 m (Betula platyphylla woodland) and along erosion gullies (fragmentary Ulmus pumila gallery woodland). Under natural conditions forest cover might reach 12%, but it is speculated that wild ungulates could maintain its extension at a lower level. The importance of forest is greater in forest-steppe regions with higher rainfall, but the factors determining the distribution of grassland and forest are expected to be similar.

Key words

Central Asia Forest distribution Forest-steppe Mongolia Phytocoenology Temperate grassland 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Coupland, R.T. 1979. The nature of grassland. pp. 23–29. In: Coupland, R.T. (ed.) Grassland Ecosystems of the world, Analysis of Grasslands and their Uses. IBP Handbook no. 18. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  2. Coupland, R.T. (ed.). 1992. Natural grasslands — Introduction and Western hemisphere. Ecosystems of the World, Vol 8A. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  3. Coupland, R.T. (ed.). 1993. Natural grasslands — Eastern hemisphere and résumé. Ecosystems of the World, Vol 8B. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  4. Ellenberg, H. 1982. Vegetation Mitteleuropas mit den Alpen in ökologischer Sicht. 3rd ed. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, Germany.Google Scholar
  5. Foundation Reserves Przewalski Horse. 1992. Hustain Nuruu Steppe Reserve Mongolia. Project Proposal, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  6. Germeraad, P.W., Dierendonck, M.C.van, & Wallis de Vries, M.F. 1993. Standaard rapportage model Hustain Nuruu Steppe Reserve Mongolia (MN/92/850). FRPH, Rotterdam/DGIS. The Hague, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  7. Grubov, V.I. 1982. Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia. NAUKA. Leningrad, Russia. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  8. Hilbig, W. 1987. Zur Problematik der ursprünglichen Waldverbreitung in der Mongolischen Volksrepublik. Flora 179: 1–15.Google Scholar
  9. Hilbig, W. 1990. Pflanzengesellschaften der Mongolei. Erforschung biologischer Ressourcen der Mongolischen Volksrepublik, Band 8. Halle, Germany.Google Scholar
  10. Hilbig, W. & Knapp, H.D. 1983. Vegetationsmosaik und Florenelemente an der Wald-Steppen-Grenze im Chentej-Gebirge (Mongolei). Flora 174: 1–89.Google Scholar
  11. Lavrenko, E.M., Karamysheva, Z.V., Borisova, I.V., Propova, T.A., Guricheva, N.P. & Nikulina, R.I. 1993. Steppes of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia. pp. 3–59. In: Coupland, R.T. (ed.) Natural Grasslands — Eastern Hemisphere and Résumé. Ecosystems of the World, Vol 8B. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  12. Mueller-Dombois, D. & Ellenberg, H. 1974. Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology. John Wiley, New York, USA.Google Scholar
  13. Nimis, P.L., Malyshev, L.I. & Bolognini, G. 1994. A phytogeographic analysis of birch woodlands in the southern part of West Siberia. Vegetatio 113: 25–39.Google Scholar
  14. Succow, M. & Kloss, K. 1978. Standortverhältnisse der nordmongolischen Waldsteppenzone im Vorland des westlichen Chentej. Arch. Acker- Pflanzenbau Bodenkd., Berlin 22: 529–542.Google Scholar
  15. Walter, H. 1974. Die Vegetation Osteuropas, Nord- und Zentralasiens. Gustav Fisher Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany.Google Scholar
  16. Walter, H. 1977. Vegetation of the Earth and Ecological Systems of the Geo-biosphere, 2nd ed. Springer Verlag, New York, USA.Google Scholar
  17. White, P.S. & Pickett, S.T.A. 1985. Natural disturbance and patch dynamics: an introduction. pp. 3–13. In: Pickett, S.T.A. & White, P.S. (eds) The ecology of natural disturbance and patch dynamics. Academic Press, Orlando, Florida, USA.Google Scholar
  18. Yunatov, A.A., Dashnima, B. & Gerbikh, A.A. 1979. Vegetation Map of the Mongolian People's Republic, Naukia, Moscow.Google Scholar
  19. ZhuTing-Cheng. 1993. Grasslands of China. pp. 61–82. In: Coupland, R.T. (ed.), Natural Grasslands — Eastern Hemisphere and Résumé. Ecosystems of the World, Vol 8B. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. F. Wallis de Vries
    • 1
  • N. Manibazar
    • 3
  • S. Dügerlham
    • 4
  1. 1.Foundation Reserves Przewalski HorseRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Dept. of Terrestrial Ecology and Nature ConservationAgricultural University WageningenWageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institute of BotanyAcademy of SciencesUlan BatorMongolia
  4. 4.Mongolian Association for the Conservation of Nature and EnvironmentUlan BatorMongolia

Personalised recommendations