Euphytica

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 1–10 | Cite as

Barriers to hybridization of Solanum bulbocastanumDun. and S. VerrucosumSchlechtd. and structural hybridity in their F1 plants

  • J. G. Th. Hermsen
  • M. S. Ramanna
Articles

Summary

Results of reciprocal crosses between Solanum verrucosum (2n=2x=24) and S. bulbocastanum (2n=2x=24) are described in terms of pollen tube behaviour in styles, of berry and seed set, of fertility and of meiotic behaviour of the F1 hybrids. Pollen tube growth of S. verrucosum is strongly inhibited in styles of S. bulbocastanum, whereas no inhibition is observed in the reciprocal cross. Therefore S. bulbocastanum x S. verrucosum fails to set berries or seeds, whereas the reciprocal cross produces both berries (54.4% berry set) and seeds (0.3 per berry). Only 14.6% of the seeds germinate. Both the diploid and corresponding tetraploid hybrid plants are vigorous, flower abundantly, have a rather regular meiosis (mainly rod bivalents), but show a high degree of cytoplasmic-genic male sterility. Crossability of the diploid hybrid plants is nil when used as pollen parents and near to zero when used as pistillate parents. The barriers to hybridization of the parent species (unilateral inhibition of pollen tube growth, somatoplastic sterility, cytoplasmic-genic male sterility and structural differences of the parental chromosomes) are discussed and methods are suggested to overcome these barriers.

Index words

Solanum interspecific hybridization structural hybridity unilateral inhibition sterility pollen tube growth 

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Copyright information

© H. Veenman en Zonen B.V. 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. G. Th. Hermsen
    • 1
  • M. S. Ramanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plant BreedingAgricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

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