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Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 43–53 | Cite as

The role of ethylene in the senescence of carnation flowers, a review

  • A. C. Van Altvorst
  • A. G. Bovy
Article

Abstract

The senescence of flower petals is a highly regulated developmental process which requires active gene expression and protein synthesis. The biochemical changes associated with petal senescence in carnation flowers include an increase in hydrolytic enzymes, degradation of macro-molecules, increased respiratory activity and a climacteric-like increase in ethylene production. It is clear that the gaseous phytohormone ethylene plays a critical role in the regulation and coordination of senescence processes. Many reviews on physiology and mode of action of ethylene are available. Molecular cloning led to the isolation of genes involved in ethylene biosynthesis and action. This review describes the current status of the studies on regulation of ethylene biosynthesis and ethylene response in carnation flowers. An overview is given of studies on senescence-related gene expression and possibilities to improve postharvest longevity by genetic engineering.

Key words

carnation Dianthus caryophyllus ethylene senescence 

Abbreviations

ACC

1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid

AIB

α-amino-isobutyric acid

AOA

amino oxyacetic acid

AVG

aminoathoxyvinyl glycine

DACP

diazocyclopentadiene

EFE

ethylene forming enzyme

MACC

malonyl 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid

MTA

5′-methylthio-adenosine

NBD

2,5 norbornadiene

ppb

parts per billion

SAM

S-adenosyl-methionine

STS

silver thiosulphate

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. Van Altvorst
    • 1
  • A. G. Bovy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Developmental BiologyCentre for Plant Breeding and Reproduction Research (CPRO-DLO)WageningenThe Netherlands

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