Vegetatio

, Volume 61, Issue 1–3, pp 65–75 | Cite as

Coastal fore-dune zonation and succession in various parts of the world

  • Henk Doing
Vegetation Studies

Abstract

A table is presented of the most important species of the fore-dune complex in various parts of the world, representing all continents. The complex is divided into six zones or habitat types, which have proved to be widely applicable for this purpose. The zones are briefly described in terms of floristics, geomorphology, ecology (sand movement, salinity, organic matter) and climate. A major division is indicated between tropical (including subtropical) and temperate (including cold) regions. The former are subdivided into those with humid and those with arid climates, the latter into those with cool to warm-temperate and those with boreal to subarctic climates. The highest, most extensive and most complicated dune areas occur in those regions where the effects of disturbance by wind and fixation by plant growth are about equally strong. A number of species show the ‘retraction phenomenon’: a shift from a certain zone towards a more sheltered zone in an area with more harsh conditions (e.g. a shorter vegetation period). The filling of empty niches by introduced species (e.g. in connection with the scarcity of native tidemark species in temperate Australia) is also quite common. Most communities are rich in (sub)cosmopolitan species.

Keywords

Coastal sand dune Ecosystem succession Phytogeography Synecology Vegetation zonation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adam, J. G., 1975. Les dunes maritimes de l'Afrique Occidentale. La fixation des dunes de Dakar. In: J.-M. Géhu (ed.), La Végétation des Dunes Maritimes, pp. 245–251. Colloques Phytosociologiques I. J. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  2. Beadle, N. C. W., 1981. The Vegetation of Australia. Vegetationsmonographien der einzelnen Grossräume (eds. H. Walter & S.-W. Breckle) IV. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Bird, E. C. F., 1964. Coastal Landforms. The Australian National University, Canberra.Google Scholar
  4. Bournerias, M. & Forest, P., 1975. Les dunes de la baie d'Hudson. In: J.-M. Géhu, (ed.) La Végétation des Dunes Maritimes, pp. 31–52. Colloques Phytosociologiques I. J. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  5. Braun-Blanquet, J., Braun-Blanquet, G., Rozeira, A. & Pinto da Silva, A. R., 1972. Résultats de trois excursions géobotaniques à travers le Portugal septentrional et moyen. IV. Esquisse sur la végétation dunale. SIGMA Comm. 198. Agron. Lusit. 23: 217–234.Google Scholar
  6. Coastal Plants of Florida, 1979. Florida Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Div. of Forestry.Google Scholar
  7. Denizot, M., 1975. La végétation des aires sableuses et des dunes en Polynésie française. In: J.-M. Géhu (ed.) La Végétation des Dunes Maritimes, pp. 25–30. Colloques Phytosociologiques I. J. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  8. Doing, H., 1981a. A comparative scheme of dry coastal sand dune habitats, with examples from the eastern United States and some other temperate regions. Veröff. Geobot. Inst. Rübel 77: 41–72.Google Scholar
  9. Doing, H., 1981b. Landscape types in coastal sand dunes. Proc. Int. Congr. Neth. Soc. Landscape Ecol., Veldhoven: 312–313. Pudoc, Wageningen.Google Scholar
  10. Ellenberg, H., 1978. Vegetation Mitteleuropas mit den Alpen, 2nd ed. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  11. Franklin, J. F. & Dyrness, C. T., 1969. Vegetation of Oregon & Washington. U.S.D.A. Forest Service Research Paper PNW-80. Porland, Oregon.Google Scholar
  12. Gimingham, C. H., 1964. Vegetation of the maritime zone. In: J. H. Burnett (ed.) The vegetation of Scotland, pp. 67–142. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburg and London.Google Scholar
  13. Godfrey, P. J. & Godfrey, M. M., 1976. Barrier Island Ecology of Cape Lookout National Seashore and Vicinity, North Carolina. National Park Service Scientific Monograph Series 9. Govt Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  14. Grandtner, M. M., 1968. Quelques observations sur la végétation psammophile des Iles-de-la-Madeleine. Collect. Bot. 7: 519–530.Google Scholar
  15. Grandtner, M. M., 1974. Le Cakiletum edentulae des Iles-de-la-Madeleine. Doc. Phytosoc. 7–8: 35–44.Google Scholar
  16. Grandtner, M. M., 1979. Contribution à l'étude de quelques groupements végétaux des sables cotiers secs de la côte-nord du Golfe du Saint-Laurent, Quebec. Doc. Phytosoc. N.S. 4: 365–373. Lille.Google Scholar
  17. Heykena, A., 1975. Vegetationstypen der Küstendünen an der östlichen und südlichen Nordsee. Mitt. Arbeitsgem. Floristik Schleswig-Holstein Hamburg 13: 1–135 + Tab.Google Scholar
  18. Horvat, I., Glavac, V. & Ellenberg, H., 1974. Vegetation Südosteuropas. Geobotanica Selecta (ed. R. Tüxen) IV. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  19. Knapp, R., 1965. Die Vegetation von Nord- und Mittelamerika und der Hawaii-Inseln. Vegetationsmonographien der einzelnen Grossräume (ed. H. Walter) I. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  20. Knapp, R., 1973. Die Vegetation von Afrika. Vegetationsmonographien der einzelnen Grossräume (ed. H. Walter) III. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  21. Kohler, A., 1970. Geobotanische Untersuchungen an Küstendünen Chiles zwischen 27 und 42 Grad südl. Breite. Bot. Jahrb. 90: 55–200.Google Scholar
  22. Kühnholtz-Lordat, G., 1923. Les Dunes du Golfe du Lion. Essai de Géographie Botanique. Les Presses Universitaires de France. Paris.Google Scholar
  23. Kurz, H., 1942. Florida dunes and scrub, vegetation and geology. State of Florida Dept. of Conservation. The State Geological Survey, Tallahassee. Geol. Bull. 23: 2–154.Google Scholar
  24. Lamoureux, G. & Grandtner, M. M., 1977. Contribution à l'étude écologique des dunes mobiles. I. Les éléments phytosociologiques. Canadian J. Bot. 55: 158–171.Google Scholar
  25. Lasser, T. & Vareschi, V., 1957. La vegetation de los Medanos de Coro. Bol. Soc. Venezolana Cienc. Nat. 17: 223–272.Google Scholar
  26. Lavrentiades, G. J., 1964. The ammophilous vegetation of the western Peloponnesos coasts. Vegetatio 12: 223–287.Google Scholar
  27. Lavrentiades, J., 1976. On the vegetation of Patras area. In: S. Dafis & E. Landolt (eds.), Zur Vegetation und Flora von Griechenland. Veröff. Geob. Inst. Rübel 56: 59–71.Google Scholar
  28. Lemberg, B., 1933. Über die Vegetation der Flugsandgebiete an den Küsten Finnlands. 1. Teil. Die Sukzession. Acta Bot. Fenn. 12: 1–143 + Tab.Google Scholar
  29. Maarel, E.van der & Maarel-Versluys, M.van der, 1963. Over Engelse duingebieden. Levende Natuur 66: 1–10, 25–33, 217–227.Google Scholar
  30. Oberdorfer, E., 1951–1952. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der nordägäischen Küsten-vegetation. Vegetatio 3: 329–349.Google Scholar
  31. Ohba, T., Miyawaki, A. & Tüxen, R., 1973. Pflanzengesellschaften der Japanischen Dünen-Küsten. Vegetatio 26: 8–144.Google Scholar
  32. Olsson, H., 1975. Vegetation on sand in South Sweden. In: J.-M. Géhu (ed.) La Végétation des Dunes Maritimes, pp. 79–90. Colloques Phytosociologiques I. J. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  33. Passarge, G. & Passarge, H., 1973. Zur soziologischen Gliederung von Sandstrand-Gesellschaften der Ostseeküste. Feddes Rep. 84: 231–258.Google Scholar
  34. Pavlidis, G., 1976. Untersuchungen über die Vegetationsverhältnisse der Küste der Sithonia-Halbinsel. In: S. Dafis & E. Landolt (eds.), Zur Vegetation und Flora von Griechenland. Veröff. Geob. Inst. Rübel 56: 5–20.Google Scholar
  35. Pignatti, S., 1959a. Developpement du sol et de la végétation sur la plage de Carnon (Languedoc). Delpinoa N.S. 1: 69–98 + Tab.Google Scholar
  36. Pignatti, S., 1959b. Ricerche sull'ecologia e sul popolamento delle dune del litorale di Venezia. Boll. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Venezia 12: 61–142 + Tab.Google Scholar
  37. Rivas-Martinez, S., 1972. Vegetatio Hispaniae. Notula 3. Bol. R. Soc. Espanola Hist. Nat. (Biol.) 70: 153–162.Google Scholar
  38. Sauer, J., 1967. Geographic reconnaisance of sea shore vegetation along the Mexican Gulf coast. Coatal Studies Institute. Louisiana State University. Techn. Rep. 56. Baton Rouge.Google Scholar
  39. Schnell, R., 1971. Introduction à la phytogéographie des pays tropicaux. II. Les milieux. Les groupements végétaux. Gauthier-Villars, Paris.Google Scholar
  40. Specht, R. L., 1972. The Vegetation of South Australia, 2nd ed. Government Printer, Adelaide.Google Scholar
  41. Stoffers, A. L., 1980. Flora and vegetation of the Leeward Islands of the Netherlands Antilles. I. General introduction and coastal communities. Miscallaneous Papers 19 Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen: 293–314.Google Scholar
  42. Thannheiser, D., 1974. Beobachtungen zur Küstenvegetation der Varanger-Halbinsel (Nord-Norwegen). Polarforschung 44: 148–158.Google Scholar
  43. Thannheiser, D., 1981a. Die Küstenvegetation Östkanadas. Münstersche Geographische Arbeiten 10. F. Schöningh, Paderborn.Google Scholar
  44. Thannheiser, D., 1981b. Über die Gliederung der ostkanadischen Küstenvegetation. In: H. Dierschke (ed.), Syntaxonomie, pp. 289–310. J. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  45. Turmel, J.-M., 1949. Végétation de la côte ouest du Cotentin. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle N.S. 28: 1–72.Google Scholar
  46. Tüxen, R., 1966. Über nitrophile Elymus-Gesellschaften an nordeuropäischen, nordjapanischen und nordamerikanischen Küsten. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 3: 358–367.Google Scholar
  47. Tüxen, R., 1967. Pflanzensoziologische Beobachtungen an südwestnorwegischen Küsten-Dünengebieten. Aquilo, Ser. Bot. 6: 241–272.Google Scholar
  48. Tüxen, R., 1970. Pflanzensoziologische Beobachtungen an isländischen Dünengesellschaften. Vegetatio 20: 251–278.Google Scholar
  49. Vanden Berghen, C., 1958. Étude sur la végétation des dunes et des landes de la Bretagne. Vegetatio 8: 193–208.Google Scholar
  50. Vanden Berghen, C., 1964–1965. Notes sur la végétation du sud-ouest de la France. I. La végétation des dunes mobiles. II. La végétation herbacée des dunes maritimes fixées. Bull. Rijksplantentuin Brussel 34: 520–525; 35: 355–362.Google Scholar
  51. Vanden Berghen, C., 1965. La végétation de l'île Hoëdic (Morbihan, France). Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 98: 275–294.Google Scholar
  52. Vanden Berghen, C., 1979a. La végétation des sables maritimes de la Basse Casamance méridionale (Sénégal). Bull. Nat. Plantentuin Belg. 49: 185–238.Google Scholar
  53. Vanden Berghen, C., 1979b. Quelques groupements végétaux nitrophiles reconnus à Djerba (Tunisie méridionale). Doc. Phytosoc. N.S. IV: 924–928. Lille.Google Scholar
  54. Walter, H., 1968. Die Vegetation der Erde II. Die gemässigten und arktischen Zonen. G. Fischer, Jena.Google Scholar
  55. Westhoff, V. & Schouten, M. G. C., 1979. The diversity of European coastal ecosystems. In: R. L. Jefferies & A. J. Davy (eds.) Ecological Processes in Coastal Environments, pp. 3–21. Blackwell Scientific Publ. Oxford, etc.Google Scholar
  56. Weisser, P. J., 1978. Conservation priorities in the dune area between Richards Bay and Mfolozi mouth based on a vegetation survey. Natal town and regional planning reports 38.Google Scholar
  57. Wiedemann, A. M., Dennis, L. R. J. & Smith, F. H., 1969. Plants of the Oregon Coastal Dunes. O.S.U. Book Stores Inc. Corvallis, Oregon.Google Scholar
  58. Wojterski, T., 1964. Schemata of the zonal vegetation system on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea (in Polish). Badania Fizjograficzne nad Polska Zachodnia 14: 87–105.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henk Doing
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Vegetation Science, Plant Ecology and Weed ScienceAgricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations