Cryopreservation of shoot tips of Chrysanthemum morifolium and related species native to Japan
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The shoot tips of Chrysanthemum morifolium (syn. Dendranthema grandiflorum) and related species native to Japan were cryopreserved using preculture for 2 days, slow cooling (0.2°C/min) until −40°C with 10% dimethyl sulphoxide and 3% glucose prior to immersion into LN2 and rapid thawing. High survival rates were observed in 3 cultivars of chrysanthemum, 12 species and 2 interspecific hybrids, and slightly low survival rates in 3 species. The shoot regeneration rates of the frozen shoot tips varied from 9.4 to 100% depending on species. Shoot tips of chrysanthemum showed high viability even after a storage of 8 months in LN2. The thawed chrysanthemum shoot tips grew and flowered normally in a greenhouse under natural conditions.
Key wordsChrysanthemum cryopreservation shoot tips
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