Euphytica

, Volume 60, Issue 3, pp 179–184 | Cite as

The physiological basis for genetic improvement of oil palm in Malaysia

  • R. H. V. Corley
  • C. H. Lee
Article

Summary

Yield of Deli dura oil palms after four generations of selection was 60% greater than that of the unselected base population. Total above-ground dry matter production was increased by selection, apparently through better utilisation of solar radiation. The dry matter requirement for vegetative growth was unchanged, so a greater surplus remained for fruit production in the selected palms. Crossing the dura and pisifera to give the thin-shelled tenera fruit type improved partitioning of dry matter within the fruit, giving a 30% increase in oil yield at the expense of shell, without changing total dry matter production.

Key words

breeding Elaeis guineensis harvest index oil palm photosynthesis selection progress 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Austin, R.B., J., Bingham, R.D., Blackwell, L.T., Evans, M.A., Ford, C.L., Morgan & M., Taylor, 1980. Genetic improvements in winter wheat yields since 1900 and associated physiological changes. J. agric. Sci., Camb. 94: 675–689.Google Scholar
  2. Beirnaert, A. & R. Vanderweyen, 1941. Contribution a l'étude génétique et biométrique des variétés d'Elaeis guineensis Jacquin. Publ. Inst. Nat. Etude agron. Congo Belge, Sér. Sci., 27, 101 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Blaak, G., L.D., Sparnaaij & T., Menendez, 1963. Breeding and inheritance in the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) II. Methods of bunch quality analysis. J. West Afr. Inst. Oil Palm Res. 4: 146–155.Google Scholar
  4. Breure, C.J., 1988. The effect of different planting densities on yield trends in oil palm. Expl Agric. 24: 37–52.Google Scholar
  5. Breure, C.J. & R.H.V., Corley, 1983. Selection of oil palms for high density planting. Euphytica 32: 177–186.Google Scholar
  6. Corley, R.H.V., 1973. Effects of plant density on growth and yield of oil palm. Expl Agric. 9: 169–180.Google Scholar
  7. Corley, R.H.V. & C.R. Donough, 1990. Potential yield of oil-palm clones — the importance of planting density. Paper presented at Workshop on Yield potential in the oil palm, Phuket, Thailand, 29–30th October.Google Scholar
  8. Corley, R.H.V., J.J., Hardon & Tan, G.Y., 1971a. Analysis of growth of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) 1. Estimation of growth parameters and application in breeding. Euphytica 20: 307–315.Google Scholar
  9. Corley, R.H.V., B.S., Gray & Ng, S.K., 1971b. Productivity of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) in Malaysia. Expl Agric. 7: 129–136.Google Scholar
  10. Corley, R.H.V., J.J., Hardon & Ooi, S.C., 1973. Some evidence for genetically controlled variation in photosynthetic rate of oil palm seedlings. Euphytica 22: 48–55.Google Scholar
  11. Davidson, L., 1991. Management for efficient, cost-effective and productive oil palm plantations. Paper presented at International oil palm conference, Kuala Lumpur, Sept 9–12.Google Scholar
  12. Derieux, M., M., Darrigrand, A., Gallais, Y., Barriere, D., Bloc & Y., Montalant, 1987. Estimation du progrès génétique realisé chez le mais grain en France entre 1950 et 1985. Agronomie 7: 1–11.Google Scholar
  13. Gardner, F.P., R., Valle & D.E., McCloud, 1990. Yield characteristics of ancient races of maize compared to a modern hybrid. Agron. J. 82: 864–868.Google Scholar
  14. Hardon, J.J. & R.L., Thomas, 1968. Breeding and selection of the oil palm in Malaya. Oléagineux 23: 85–90.Google Scholar
  15. Hardon, J.J., C.N., Williams & I., Watson, 1969. Leaf area and yield in the oil palm in Malaysia. Expl. Agric. 5: 25–32.Google Scholar
  16. Hardon, J.J., R.H.V., Corley & Ooi, S.C., 1972. Analysis of growth of oil palm 2. Estimation of genetic variances of growth parameters and yield of fruit bunches. Euphytica 21: 257–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hardon, J.J., R.H.V., Corley & Lee, C.H., 1987. Breeding and selecting the oil palm. In: A.J., Abbot & R.K., Atkin (Eds). Improving vegetatively propagated crops, pp. 63–81. Academic Press. London.Google Scholar
  18. Hartley, C.W.S., 1977. The oil palm (2nd edition). Longman, London & New York.Google Scholar
  19. van, Kraalingen, D.W.G., C.J., Breure, & C.J.T., Spitters, 1989. Simulation of oil palm growth and yield. Agric. Forest Meteorol. 46: 227–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lee, C.H., Yong, Y.Y., C., Donough & Chiu, S.B., 1990. Selection progress in the Deli dura population: In: Proc. Workshop progress of oil palm breeding populations, pp. 81–89. Palm Oil Res. Inst. Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.Google Scholar
  21. Perry, M.W. & M.F., D'Antuono, 1989. Yield improvement and associated characteristics of some Australian spring wheats introduced between 1860 and 1982. Aust. J. agric. Res. 40: 457–472.Google Scholar
  22. Riggs, T.J., P.R., Hanson, N.D., Start, D.M., Miles, C.L., Morgan & M.A., Ford, 1981. Comparison of spring barley varieties grown in England and Wales between 1880 and 1980. J. agric. Sci., Camb. 97: 599–610.Google Scholar
  23. Rosenquist, E.A., R.H.V., Corley & W.de, Greef, 1990. Improvement oftenera populations using germplasm from breeding programmes in Cameroon and Zaire. In: Proc. Workshop Progress of oil palm breeding populations, pp 37–69. Palm Oil Res. Inst. Malaysia.Google Scholar
  24. Siddique, K.H.M., R.K., Belford, M.W., Perry & D., Tennant, 1989. Growth, development and light interception of old and modern wheat cultivars in a Mediterranean-type environment. Aust. J. agric. Res. 40: 473–487.Google Scholar
  25. Smith, B.G., 1991. Oil palm breeding: the potential for using physiological selection criteria. Paper presented at International oil palm conference, Kuala Lumpur, Sept 9–12.Google Scholar
  26. Squire, G.R., 1984. Light interception, productivity and yield of oil palm. Palm Oil Res. Inst. Malaysia, internal report, 73 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Squire, G.R. & R.H.V., Corley, 1987. Oil palm. In: M.R., Sethuraj & A.S., Raghavendra (Eds). Tree crop physiology, pp 141–167. Elsevier Science Publishers. Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  28. Tollenaar, M., 1991. Physiological basis of genetic improvement of maize hybrids in Ontario from 1959 to 1988. Crop Sci. 31: 119–124.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. H. V. Corley
    • 1
  • C. H. Lee
    • 2
  1. 1.Unilever PlantationsLondonU.K.
  2. 2.Golden Hope Plantations BerhadOil Palm Research StationSelangor Darul EhsanMalaysia

Personalised recommendations