, Volume 43, Issue 1–2, pp 1–6 | Cite as

Cytological mechanism of 2n pollen formation and unilateral sexual polyploidization in Lolium

  • C. A. Sala
  • E. L. Camadro
  • M. T. Salaberry
  • A. O. Mendiburu


Plants of Lolium perenne, L. multiflorum and L. hybridum (331, 51 and 18, respectively) were screened for 2n pollen production. The screening was based on the size differences that are expected to be found between n and 2n pollen of a plant. It was found that 28 plants of perennial ryegrass-belonging to 13 cultivars-produced produced pollen grains of heterogenous size (big and small). The estimated frequency of big pollen grain production was higher than 10% in ten out of 28 plants and in three of them it reached a value of 100%. Eight plants obtained from two 4x × 2x crosses, in which the male parent had been previously identified as producing pollen grains of heterogenous size, was tetraploid. The cytological mechanism of big pollen grain formation observed in three plants consists in the lack of spindle formation and, consequently, of chromosome migration in anaphase II. From these breeding and cytological results, it was concluded that the big pollen grains observed were viable 2n pollen grains. The nuclei of the 2n pollen grains produced by this mechanism are genetically equivalent to those formed by the restitution of the second meiotic division. The value of these gametophytes in a breeding program of Lolium is discussed.

Key words

Lolium ryegrass 2n gametes sexual polyploidization 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. Sala
    • 1
  • E. L. Camadro
    • 1
  • M. T. Salaberry
    • 1
  • A. O. Mendiburu
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Genética Vegetal, Unidad Integrada Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias(Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata) y Estación Experimental Agropecuaria (I.N.T.A.)Buenos AiresArgentina

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