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Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 193–207 | Cite as

Heterogeneity in chloroplast photosystem II

  • Michael T. Black
  • Trevor H. Brearley
  • Peter Horton
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Abstract

Photosystem-two (PSII) in the chloroplasts of higher plants and green algae is not homogeneous. A review of PSII heterogeneity is presented and a model is proposed which is consistent with much of the data presented in the literature. It is proposed that the non-quinone electron acceptor of PSII is preferentially associated with the sub-population of PSII known as PSIIß.

Keywords

Plant Physiology Green Alga Electron Acceptor Chloroplast Photosystem PSII Heterogeneity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations and symbols

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate

Chl

Chlorophyll

C550

Absorbance bandshift at 550 nm; proportional to [QA-]

D, D′

Components involved ir electron donation to P680

ΔpH

Transthylakoid proton gradient

ΔΨ

Transthylakoid electrical gradient

DCMU

3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1,1′-dimethylurea referred to as diuron

Eh

Oxidation-reduction potential

Em

Cxidation-reduction midpoint potential

EPR

Electron paramagnetic resonance

Fm

Fluorescence yield when all traps are closed

Fo

Fluorescence yield when all traps are open

Fv

Variable fluorescence equal to Fm-Fo

Fi

Initial fluorescence yield, (usually equivalent to Fo in dark-adapted thylakoids)

Hepes

2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N′-2-ethane sulphonic acid

LHCP

Light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding protein

PQ

Plastoquinone

PSII

Photosystem II

P680

Reaction centre chlorophyll of PSII

P518

Absorbance bandshift at 518 nm, reflects asymmetric charge distribution across the thylakoid membrane

QA, QH, Q1

“Primary” stable plastoquinone electron acceptor of PSII; a quencher of fluorescence

QB, B, R

Plastoquinone associated with the Q B -protein, the two-electron ‘gate’

QD, Q2, Xa

Non-quinone electron acceptor of PSII

X320

Absorbance bandshift at 320 nm; semiquinone anion indicator

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael T. Black
    • 1
    • 2
  • Trevor H. Brearley
    • 1
  • Peter Horton
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute for PhotosynthesisUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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