Euphytica

, Volume 92, Issue 3, pp 287–294 | Cite as

Resistance to Meloidogyne chitwoodi, M. fallax and M. hapla in wild tuber-bearing Solanum spp.

  • Geert J. W. Janssen
  • Arend van Norel
  • Brigitte Verkerk-Bakker
  • Richard Janssen
Article

Summary

Over 5000 plants from 64 tuber-bearing wild Solanum spp. have been individually screened for resistance to Meloidogyne chitwoodi, M. fallax and M. hapla. Seedlings were analyzed by means of counting number of egg masses and resistance was verified by retesting low-scoring plants using stem cuttings. Resistance to both M. chitwoodi and M. fallax was observed in S. bulbocastanum, S. cardiophyllum, S. brachistotrichum, S. fendleri and S. hougasii. Only in S. chacoense and to a lesser extent in S. stoloniferum and S. gourlayi differential results between M. chitwoodi and M. fallax were observed. Resistance to M. hapla was found in S. bulbocastanum, S. brachistotrichum, S. cardiophyllum, S. arnezii, S. chacoense, S. tarijense, S. boliviense, S. gourlayi, S. microdontum, S. sparsipilum, S. spegazzinii, S. sucrense, S. acaule and S. hougasii. The occurrence of resistance in wild Solanum species in relation to their taxonomic status and the implications for introgression of resistance into S. tuberosum are discussed.

Key words

genetic variation potato root-knot nematodes co-evolution introgression Meloidogyne chitwoodi Solanum tuberosum 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brown, C.R., H., Mojtahedi & G.S., Santo, 1989. Comparison of reproductive efficiency of Meloidogyne chitwoodi on Solanum bulbocastanum in soil and in vitro tests. Plant Disease 73: 957–959.Google Scholar
  2. Brown, C.R., H., Mojtahedi & G.S., Santo, 1991. Resistance to Columbia root-knot nematode in Solanum spp. and in hybrids of S. hougasii with tetraploid cultivated potato. American Potato Journal 68: 445–452.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, C.R., H., Mojtahedi, G.S., Santo & S., Austin-Phillips, 1994. Enhancing resistance to root-knot nematodes derived from wild Solanum species in potato germplasm. In: G.W., Zehnder, M.L., Powelson, R.K., Jansson & K.V., Raman (Eds.), Advances in Potato Pest Biology and Management, pp. 426–438. Raman. APS press, St. Paul.Google Scholar
  4. Brücher, H., 1967. Rootknot-eelworm resistance in some South American tuber-forming Solanum species. American Potato Journal 44: 370–375.Google Scholar
  5. Cuevas, J., O.Y. & C., Sosa-Moss, 1990. Host plants of Meloidogyne chitwoodi in the states of Tlaxcala and Puebla, Mexico. Current Nematology 1: 69–70.Google Scholar
  6. Daykin, M.E. & R.S., Hussey, 1985. Staining and histopathological techniques in nematology. In: J.N., Sasser & C.C., Carter (Eds.), An Advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne. Vol. 2. Methodology, pp. 39–48. North Carolina State University Graphics, Raleigh.Google Scholar
  7. Esbenshade, P.R. & A.C., Triantaphyllou, 1990. Isozyme phenotypes for the identification of Meloidogyne species. Journal of Nematology 22: 10–15.Google Scholar
  8. Golden, A.M., J.H., O'Bannon, G.S., Santo & A.M., Finley, 1980. Description and SEM observations of Meloidogyne chitwoodi n.sp. (Meloidogynidae), root-knot nematode on potato in the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Nematology 12: 319–327.Google Scholar
  9. Griffin, G.D., 1988. The Colombia root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne chitwoodi discovered in the State of Utah. Plant Disease 72: 363.Google Scholar
  10. Hawkes, J.G., 1990. The Potato. Evolution, Biodiversity & Genetic Resources. Bethaven Press, London. 259 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Hoyman, Wm.G., 1974. Reaction of Solanum tuberosum and Solanum species to Meloidogyne hapla. American Potato Journal 51: 281–286.Google Scholar
  12. Hussey, R.S. & K.R., Barker, 1973. A comparison of methods of collecting inocula for Meloidogyne spp., including a new technique. Plant Disease Rep 57: 1025–1028.Google Scholar
  13. Janssen, G.J.W., A.van, Norel, B., Verkerk-Bakker & R., Janssen, 1995. Detecting resistance to the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne hapla and M. chitwoodi in potato and wild Solanum spp. Potato Res 38: 361–370.Google Scholar
  14. Janssen, R., J., Bakker & F.J., Gommers, 1991. Mendelian proof for a gene-for-gene relationship between virulence of Globodera rostochiensis and the H1 resistance gene in Solanum tuberosum spp. andigena CPC 1673. Revué Nematologie 14: 213–219.Google Scholar
  15. Johnston, S.A., T.P.M.den, Nijs, S.J., Peloquin & R.E., HannemanJr., 1980. The significance of genic balance to endosperm development in interspecific crosses. Theor Appl Genet 57: 5–9.Google Scholar
  16. Karssen, G., 1996. Description of M. fallax n.sp. (Nematoda: Heteroderidae), a root-knot nematode from the Netherlands. Fundamental and Applied Nematology (in press).Google Scholar
  17. Matsubayashi, M., 1991. Phylogenetic relationships in the potato and its related species. In: T., Tsuchiya & P.K., Gupta (Eds.), Chromosome Engineering in Plants. Genetics, Breeding, Evolution, pp. 93–118. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  18. Meggelen, J.C.van, G., Karssen, G.J.W., Janssen, B., Verkerk-Bakker & R., Janssen, 1994. A new race of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden, O'Bannon, Santo & Finley, 1980? Fundamental and Applied Nematology 17: 93–96.Google Scholar
  19. Novy, R.G. & R.E., HannemanJr., 1991. Hybridization between Gp. Tuberosum haploids and 1EBN wild potato species. American Potato Journal 68: 151–169.Google Scholar
  20. Pinkerton, J.N. & G.A., McIntyre, 1987. The occurrence of Meloidogyne chitwoodi in potato fields in Colorado. Plant Disease 71: 192.Google Scholar
  21. Roberts, P.A., 1992. Current status of the availability, development, and use of host plant resistance to nematodes. Journal of Nematology 24: 213–227.Google Scholar
  22. Stone, A.R., 1985. Co-evolution of potato cyst nematodes and their hosts: implications for pathotypes and resistance. EPPO Bull 15: 131–137.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geert J. W. Janssen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Arend van Norel
    • 1
  • Brigitte Verkerk-Bakker
    • 1
  • Richard Janssen
    • 1
  1. 1.DLO-Centre for Plant Breeding and Reproduction Research (CPRO-DLO)WageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.The Graduate School Experimental Plant Sciences (EPS)WageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations