Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 52, Issue 2–3, pp 143–151 | Cite as

Seasonal diversity in aquatic insect communities in an all-year stream system

  • C. N. Slobodchikoff
  • Janice E. Parrott
Article

Summary

The general pattern of the data in this study shows that a riffle zone carries more species and, usually, more organisms/m2 than a slower current zone. The slower current zone, however, is still apparently able to support a larger number of organisms and species than a pool of standing water. In the West Fork of the Oak Creek system the dominant insects controlling diversity are the Trichoptera, particularly one species of Helicopsyche. Diversity in the fast current zone is high in the summer, and low during other seasons. Diversity in the slow current zone is highest in spring, but is also fairly high in summer. This reflects to a large extent the seasonal fluctuations in abundance of the dominant Trichopterans in the two habitats.

Keywords

Insects in stream Seasonal diversity Breadth and overlap of niches Trichoptera Helicopsyche 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Armitage, K. B. 1958. Ecology of riffle insects of the Firehole River, Wyoming. Ecology 39: 571–580.Google Scholar
  2. Gaufin, A. R. 1959. Production of bottom fauna in the Provo River, Utah. Iowa St. Coll. Journ. Sci. 33: 395–419.Google Scholar
  3. Hynes, H. B. N. 1961. The invertebrate fauna of a Welsh mountain stream. Arch. Hydrobio. 57: 344–388.Google Scholar
  4. Hynes, H. B. N. 1972. The ecology of running waters. Univ. Toronto Press, Toronto.Google Scholar
  5. Levins, R. 1968. Evolution in changing environments. Princeton Univ. Press, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  6. Logan, S. W. 1963. Winter observations on bottom organisms and trout in Badger Creek, Montana. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 87: 259–277.Google Scholar
  7. Lyman, F. E. & Dendy, J. S. 1943. A pre-impoundment bottom-fauna study of Cherokee Reservoir area (Tennessee). Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 73: 194–208.Google Scholar
  8. Mackay, R. J. Kalff, J. 1969. Seasonal variation in standing crop and species diversity of insect communities in a small Quebec stream. Ecology 50: 101–109.Google Scholar
  9. Margalef, R. 1958. Temporal succession and spatial heterogeneity in phytoplankton. In: A. A. Buzzati-Traverso (ed.) Perspectives on marine biology. Univ. California Press, Berkeley. pp. 323–349.Google Scholar
  10. Neel, J. K. 1951. Interrelations of certain physical and chemical features in a head-water limestone stream. Ecology 32: 368–391.Google Scholar
  11. Nelson, D. J. & Scott, D. C. 1962. Role of detritus in the productivity of a rock-outcrop community in a Piedmont stream. Limnol. Oceanogr. 7: 396–413.Google Scholar
  12. Nielsen, A. 1950. The torrential invertebrate fauna. Oikos, 2: 177–196.Google Scholar
  13. O'Connell, T. R. Campbell, R. S. 1953. The benthos of the Black River and Clearwater Lake, Missouri. Univ. Missouri Stud. 26: 25–41.Google Scholar
  14. Parrott, J. E. 1975. A seasonal analysis of aquatic insect populations in Oak Creek, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona. 51 p.Google Scholar
  15. Pianka, E. R. 1973. The structure of lizard communities. Ann. Rev. Syst. Ecol. 4: 53–74.Google Scholar
  16. Poole, R. W. 1974. An introduction to quantitative ecology. McGraw Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  17. Pianka, E. R. 1973. The structure of lizard communities. Ann. Rev. Syst. Ecol. 4: 53–74.Google Scholar
  18. Poole, R. W. 1974. An introduction to quantitative ecology. McGraw Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  19. Surber, E. W. 1939. A comparison of four eastern smallmouth bass streams. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 66: 193–202.Google Scholar
  20. Surber, E. W. 1951. Bottom fauna and temperature conditions in relation to trout management in St. Mary's River, Augusta County, Virginia. Virgina Journ. Sci., n.s. 2. 190–202.Google Scholar
  21. Zimmerman, P. 1961a. Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die ökologische Wirkung der Stromgeschwindigkeit auf die Lebensgemeinschaften des fliessenden Wassers. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 23: 1–81.Google Scholar
  22. Zimmerman, P. 1961b. Experimentelle Untersuchungen über den Einfluss der Strömungsgeschwindigkeit auf die. Fliesswasserbiozonose. Verh. Int. Verein. Theor. Angew. Limnol. 14: 396–399.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk b. v. Publishers 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. N. Slobodchikoff
    • 1
  • Janice E. Parrott
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological ScienceNorthern Arizona UniversityFlagstaff

Personalised recommendations