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Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 21–30 | Cite as

Correlations among leaf CO2-exchange rates, areas and enzyme activities among soybean cultivars

  • J. D. Hesketh
  • W. L. Ogren
  • M. E. Hageman
  • D. B. Peters
Article

Abstract

Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) genotypes varying in area per nodal unit (usually a trifoliolate) and maturity class were grown in plots at the University of Illinois experimental farm. Leaf CO2-exchange rates per unit area (CER) were measured under sunlight on intact plants. In addition to previously reported correlations with specific leaf weight and chlorophyll, CER was positively correlated with ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase (RuBPcase) activity, specific activity, and soluble protein, and was negatively correlated with area per leaf unit. The CER: chlorophyll correlation was destroyed by high CER values in 2 chlorophyll-deficient lines. CER values for 27 of the 35 lines tested fell within the range of those for isolines of cultivar Clark varying in leaf characteristics. The CER values were highest for fully expanded leaves during rapid pod fill. These results suggested that photoperiod (maturity) genes and genes for leaf area growth interact with genes controlling photosynthetic CO2-exchange to produce the major differences in CER values among soybean genotypes.

Key words

CO2-exchange rates Glycine max RuBPcase soybean 

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers bv 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Hesketh
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. L. Ogren
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. E. Hageman
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. B. Peters
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Agricultural Research, Science and Education Admin.U.S. Dept. of AgricultureUrbanaU.S.A.
  2. 2.the Dept. of AgronomyUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaU.S.A.

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