Hydrobiologia

, Volume 303, Issue 1–3, pp 183–194

River restoration concepts — goals and perspectives

  • S. Muhar
  • S. Schmutz
  • M. Jungwirth
Management Aspects of Streams and Rivers

DOI: 10.1007/BF00034055

Cite this article as:
Muhar, S., Schmutz, S. & Jungwirth, M. Hydrobiologia (1995) 303: 183. doi:10.1007/BF00034055

Abstract

An analysis of restoration projects carried out both in Austria and abroad shows that most projects are limited to design measures within the river bed with the general intention to increase habitat diversity. The various measures are not based on the type-specific characteristics of the river and thus there is a danger of creating uniform restoration stretches, independent of the specific landscape area, river morphology, discharge regime or site specific biocoenoses. Such proceeding lacks in considering a comprehensive improvement of ecological functioning of the whole river-system. To meet those demands a type-specific guiding view (‘Leitbild’) has to be developed based on the pristine river conditions.

The comparison of the river pattern including the characteristic features of its unmodified state with the actual situation leads to a comprehensive set of measures. The essential goals of such management-concepts are the integrity of the river habitat, self-regulation and self-regeneration, the preservation of intact resources, as well as the possibility to experience the uniqueness, diversity and beauty of natural river landscapes.

Key words

river restoration revitalization river management ecological improvement 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Muhar
    • 1
  • S. Schmutz
    • 1
  • M. Jungwirth
    • 1
  1. 1.Dep. of Hydrobiology, Fishery & AquacultureState University of Agriculture ViennaAustria

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