, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 445–449

Gene pools in Phaseolus and Vigna cultigens

  • J. Smartt


The nature and extent of the gene pools in cultigens of the genera Phaseolus and Vigna, as indicated by studies of experimental interspecific hybridization, are reviewed. In all cases a primary gene pool exists comprising conspecific wild and cultivated forms.

Secondary gene pools have been established for Phaseolus vulgaris-Ph. coccineus, Vigna radiata-V. mungo and V. angularis-V. umbellata but not for V. unguiculata and for Voandzeia subterranea. Tertiary gene-pools apparently exist for all Phaseolus cultigens and the Asiatic grams but not for V. unguiculata and V. subterranea as far as is known.

Index words

Gene pool differentiation Interspecific hybridization Phaseolus species Vigna species Azukia Voandzeia genetic isolating mechanisms 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahn, Chang Soon & R. W. Hartmann, 1978. Interspecific hybridization among four species of the genus Vigna Savi. pp. 240–246. In: Report of First International Mungbean Symposium, August 16–19, 1977. Univ. Philippines, Los Baños.Google Scholar
  2. Bergland-Brücher, O. & H. Brücher, 1974. Murutungo, eine semdomestizierte (Phaseolus flavescens Piper) aus den tropischen Gebirgen Südamerikas. Angewandte Botanik 48: 209–220.Google Scholar
  3. Faris, D. G., 1965. The origin and evolution of the cultivated forms of Vigna sinensis. Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 7: 433–452.Google Scholar
  4. Harlan, J. R. & J. M. J. de Wet, 1971. Toward a rational classification of cultivated plants. Taxon 20: 509–517.Google Scholar
  5. Hernandez, X., Hernandez, E., Hernandez, S.,Miranda, C. & C. Prywer, 1959. El origen de Phaseolus coccineus L. darwinianus Hdz. X. et Miranda C., subspecies nova. Revta. Soc. Mex. Hist. Nat. 20: 99–121.Google Scholar
  6. Kloz, J. & E. Klozová, 1968. Variability of proteins I and II in the seeds of species of the genus Phaseolus. Chapter 10 (pp. 93–102). In: J. G. Hawkes (Ed.), Chemotaxonomy and serotaxonomy. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  7. Maréchal, R., J. M. Mascherpa & F. Stainier, 1978. Étude taxonomique d'un groupe complexe d'espèces des genre Phaseolus et Vigna (Papilionaceae) sur la base de données morphologiques et polliniques, traitées par l'analyse informatique. Boissiera, Geneve 28: 1–273.Google Scholar
  8. Ohwi, J., 1965. Flora of Japan. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  9. Smartt, J., 1970. Interspecific hybridization between cultivated American species of the genus Phaseolus. Euphytica 19: 480–489.Google Scholar
  10. Smartt, J. 1973. The possible status of Phaseolus coccineus L ssp. darwinianus Hdz. X. et Miranda C, as a distinct species and cultigen of the genus Phaseolus. Euphytica 22: 424–426.Google Scholar
  11. Steele, W., 1976. Cowpeas. pp. 183–185. In: N. W. Simmonds (Ed.), Evolution of crop plants. Longman, London.Google Scholar
  12. Steele, W. & K. L. Mehra, 1978. Structure, evolution and adaptation to farming systems and environments in Vigna. pp. 393–404. In: R. J. Summerfield & A. H. Bunting (Eds.), Advances in legume science. Proceedings International Legume Conference, Kew, 31 July–4 August 1978 Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London.Google Scholar
  13. Strand, A. B., 1943. Species crosses in the genus Phaseolus. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 42 187–188.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Veenman B.V. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Smartt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyThe UniversitySouthamptonEngland

Personalised recommendations