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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 322, Issue 1–3, pp 223–226 | Cite as

Atmospheric deposition of sulphur, nitrogen and base cations in Scots pine stands of south-eastern Finland and the Karelian Isthmus, NW Russia in 1992

  • Ilari Lummel
  • Vladimir Arkhipov
History of Lake Ladoga and Rates of Change in its Environment

Abstract

This paper presents initial results of a joint Finnish-Russian investigation (1991–1996) of air pollutant deposition in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris Linné) stands of Karelian Isthmus (north-western Leningrad Region, Russia) and south-eastern Finland. Bulk precipitation and canopy throughfall analyses revealed relatively high sulphur and nitrogen loads in the Karelian Isthmus and in the southern part of south-eastern Finland. The deposition load decreased gradually northwards, the highest levels of S and N deposition in the vicinity of St. Petersburg being two to three times higher than the values considered to be background level in Finland. Besides the acidifying elements, a high calcium deposition was detected in the Karelian Isthmus and in the southern part of south-eastern Finland. The high load of calcium, which probably emanates from oil shale burning in NE Estonia, alleviates the acidifying effect of sulphur and nitrogen deposition.

Key words

air pollution deposition sulphur nitrogen base cations throughfall Leningrad Region Scots pine soil water 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilari Lummel
    • 1
  • Vladimir Arkhipov
    • 2
  1. 1.Vantaa Research CentreFinnish Forest Research InstituteVantaaFinland
  2. 2.Northwestern Forest Management Enterprise, ‘Lesprojekt’St. PetersburgRussia

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