Interspecific hybridization between Solanum melongena and Solanum macrocarpon: study of the F1 hybrid plants
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Egg plant is one of the most common vegetable crop grown in India and other parts of the world. The cultivated egg plant Solanum melongena is found to be susceptible to the shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis). Whereas the species Solanum macrocarpon is resistant. In order to incorporate the resistance of shoot and fruit borer to the cultivated egg plant, an interspecific hybridization between Solanum melongena and Solanum macrocarpon and reciprocals were carried out. The hybrids were found to be sterile, the investigations revealed that the failure of seed set in hybrids is due to the ovule abortion. In order to overcome the sterility, the colchicine has been applied to the interspecific hybrids.
Key wordsSolanum melongena egg plant Solanum macrocarpon interspecific hybrids Leucinodes orbonalis fruit borer
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