Agrobacterium-mediated inoculation of plants with tomato golden mosaic virus DNAs
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- Elmer, J.S., Sunter, G., Gardiner, W.E. et al. Plant Mol Biol (1988) 10: 225. doi:10.1007/BF00027399
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We have adapted the “agroinfection” procedure of Grimsley and co-workers [4,5] to develop a simple, efficient, reproducible infectivity assay for the insect-transmitted, split-genome geminivirus, tomato golden mosaic virus (TGMV). Agrobacterium T-DNA vectors provide efficient delivery of both components of TGMV when used in mixed inoculation of wild-type host plants. A greater increase in infection efficiency can be obtained by Agrobacterium delivery of the TGMV A component to “permissive” transgenic plants. These “permissive” plants contain multiple tandem copies of the B component integrated into the host genome. An inoculum containing as few as 2000 Agrobacterium cells can produce 100% infection under these conditions. Further, our results show that there is a marked effect of the configuration of the TGMV A components within the T-DNA vector on time of symptom development. We have also found that transgenic plants carrying tandem copies of the A component do not complement the B component. Possible mechanisms to explain these results and the potential use of this system to further study the functions of the geminivirus components in infection are discussed.
Key wordsgeminivirus Agrobacterium tomato golden mosaic virus agroinoculation
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