Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 313–324 | Cite as

Thigmomorphogenesis: the effect of mechanical perturbation on plants

  • M. J. Jaffe
  • S. Forbes


Thigmomorphogenetic responses occur in many environmental settings. The most pronounced effects are found under conditions of extremely high rates of turbulent wind or water flow. However, it is an ubiquitous phenomenon, since mechanical perturbations are to be encountered under all but the most stringent laboratory conditions. Our present understanding of these phenomena is the result of studies at the ecological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical, biophysical and molecular biological levels.

Key words

ethylene mechanical perturbation photosynthesis respiration thigmomorphogenesis wind 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Jaffe
    • 1
  • S. Forbes
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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