Hydrobiologia

, Volume 216, Issue 1, pp 453–461

A jellyfish-eating sea anemone (Cnidaria, Actiniaria) from Palau: Entacmaea medusivora sp. nov.

  • D. G. Fautin
  • W. K. Fitt
Proceedings IX. Evolution and systematics

Abstract

Entacmaea medusivora sp. nov., a member of the family Actiniidae, inhabits Jellyfish Lake in Palau, western Caroline Islands, and eats the rhizostome jellyfish Mastigias papua. The anemone is azooxanthellate, despite its jellyfish prey containing symbiotic algae. Well fed anemones released ciliated planula-like larvae in the laboratory when maintained at more than 30 °C. It could not be determined whether the larvae, which usually settled around the parent within 24 h of release, were produced sexually or asexually.

Key words

Actiniidae planulae taxonomy zooxanthellae diet feeding predation 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. G. Fautin
    • 1
  • W. K. Fitt
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Invertebrate ZoologyCalifornia Academy of SciencesSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  3. 3.Department of Systematics and Ecology, Snow Museum, Snow HallUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA

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