, Volume 255, Issue 1, pp 33–40 | Cite as

Ecotoxicological studies with the freshwater rotifer Brachionus calyciflorusII. An assessment of the chronic toxicity of lindane and 3,4-dichloroaniline using life tables

  • M. D. Ferrando
  • C. R. Janssen
  • E. Andreu
  • G. Persoone


The effects of chronic exposure of the freshwater rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus to the toxicants lindane and 3,4-dichloroaniline (DCA), were evaluated. The parameters used to determine the toxicity on these compounds were the age-specific and fertility, and the demographic parameters: intrinsic rate of natural increase (r), generation time (T), net reproductive rate (Ro), reproductive value (Vx) and life expectancy (eo). All the demographic parameters studied decreased with increasing toxicant concentrations. The use of life tables techniques with B. calyciflorus as a test method for the determination of chronic toxicity of xenobiotics is discussed.

Key words

rotifer lindane 3,4-dichloroaniline life table 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Birch, L. C., 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. J. anim. Ecol. 17: 15–26.Google Scholar
  2. Capuzzo, J. M., 1979. The effects of halogen toxicants on survival, feeding and egg production of the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis. Estuar. coast. mar. Sci. 8: 307–316.Google Scholar
  3. Daniels, R. E. & J. D. Allan, 1981. Life table evaluation of chronic exposure to a pesticide. Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 38: 345–494.Google Scholar
  4. Day, K. E., 1986. The acute, chronic and sublethal effects of the synthetic pyrethroid, fenvalerate, on zooplankton in the laboratory and the field. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Guelph, Canada.Google Scholar
  5. Day, K. E. & N. K. Kaushik, 1987. An assessment of the chronic toxicity of the synthetic pyrethroid, fenvalerate, to Daphnia galeata mendotae, using life tables. Envir. Pollut. 44: 13–26.Google Scholar
  6. Fernandez, A., M. D. Ferrando & E. Andreu, 1991. Demographic parameters of Brachionus calyciflorus Pallas (Rotifera) exposed to sublethal endosulfan concentrations. Hydrobiologia 226: 103–110.Google Scholar
  7. Ferrando, M. D. & E. Andreu, 1991. Acute lethal toxicity of some pesticides to Brachionus calyciflorus and Brachionus plicatilis. Bull. envir. Contam. Toxicol. 47: 479–484.Google Scholar
  8. Halbach, V., M. Sieber, M. Westermayer & C. Wiesel, 1983. Population ecology of rotifers as a bioassay tool for ecotoxicological test in aquatic environments. Ecotox. envir. Saf. 7: 484–513.Google Scholar
  9. Hummon, W. D., 1974. Effects of DDT on longevity and reproductive rate in Lepidodermella squammata. Am. Midl. Nat. 92: 327–339.Google Scholar
  10. Janssen, C. R., M. D. Ferrando & G. Persoone, 1993. Ecotoxicological studies with the freshwater rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus. I. Conceptual framework and applications. Hydrobiologia 255/256: 21–32.Google Scholar
  11. Kuiper, J. & A. O. Hanstveit, 1984. Fate and effects of 3,4-dichloroaniline (DCA) in marine plankton communities in experimental enclosures. Ecotox. envir. Saf. 8: 34–54.Google Scholar
  12. Leake, L. A. & H. Goldman, 1984. The influence of cholinergic and anticholinergic drugs on egg deposition by a rotifer. J. Pharmac. exp. Ther. 146: 123–128.Google Scholar
  13. Netrawali, M. S., S. R. Gandhi & M. D. Pednekar, 1986. Effect of endosulfan, malathion and permethrin on sexual life cycle of Chlamydomonas reinhardii. Bull. envir. Contam. Toxicol. 36: 412–420.Google Scholar
  14. Nogrady, T. & M. Alai, 1983. Cholinergic neurotransmission in rotifers. In B. Pejler, R. Starkweather & Th. Nogrady (eds), Biology of Rotifers. Developments in Hydrobiology 14. Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague: 149–153. Reprinted from Hydrobiologia 104.Google Scholar
  15. O'Kelly, J. C., 1974, Inorganic nutrients. Algal Physiology and Biochemistry. W. D. P. Stewart (ed), Bot. Monogr. 10: 610–635.Google Scholar
  16. Pianka, E. R., 1978. Evolutionary Ecology, 2nd. edn. Harper and Row, N.Y. xii + 532 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Poole, R. W., 1974. An introduction to Quantitative Ecology. Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co. N.Y. xii + 532 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Ramakrishna, T. & S. S. S. Sarma, 1986. Demographic parameters of Brachionus patulus exposed to sublethal DDT concentrations at low and high food levels. Hydrobiologia 139:193–200.Google Scholar
  19. Saleh, F. Y., K. L. Dickson & J. H. Rodgers, 1982. Fate of lindane in the aquatic environment: rate constants of physical and chemical process. Envir. Tox. Chem. 1: 289–297.Google Scholar
  20. Snell, T. W. & G. Persoone, 1989. Acute toxicity bioassays using rotifers. II. A freshwater test with Brachionus rubens. Aquat. Toxicol. 14: 81–92.Google Scholar
  21. Sprague, J. B., 1971. Measurement of pollutant toxicity to fish. III. Sublethal effects and safe concentrations. Wat. Res. 5: 245–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. United States Environmental Protection Agency, 1985. Methods for measuring the acute toxicity of effluents to freshwater and marine organisms. EPA/600/4-85/013, 216 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Ware, G. W., 1983. Pesticides. Theory and application. WH Freeman and Company, 308 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. Ferrando
    • 1
  • C. R. Janssen
    • 2
  • E. Andreu
    • 1
  • G. Persoone
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Animal Biology (Animal Physiology), Faculty of Biological SciencesUniversity of ValenciaBurjasot, ValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Laboratory for Biological Research in Aquatic PollutionState University of GhentGhentBelgium

Personalised recommendations