Hydrobiologia

, Volume 155, Issue 1, pp 65–74 | Cite as

A comparison of phenetic and phylogenetic methods applied to the systematics of Oligochaeta

  • Ralph O. Brinkhurst
  • Amanda F. L. Nemac
Article

Abstract

A comparative study of naidid subfamilies shows that a combination of ordination, Jaccard/Average Linkage cluster analysis and Wagner parsimony provides a useful basis for a rational phylogeny but that this does not differ markedly from the original proposed by Sperber nearly four decades ago. Hennig rules, modified by Wiley, permit a preliminary phylogeny and classification of the Annelida to be made by hand. An error in earlier versions suggested that the Dorydrilidae lacked prostate glands, and this is corrected.

Key words

aquatic Oligochaeta phylogeny phenetics cladistics Naididae Dorydrilidae 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Banfield, C. F. & J. C. Gower, 1980. A note on the graphical representation of multivariate binary data. Appl. Statist. 29: 238–245.Google Scholar
  2. Brinkhurst, R. O., 1982. Evolution in the Annelida. Can. J. Zool. 60: 1043–1059.Google Scholar
  3. Brinkhurst, R. O., 1984a. The position of the Haplotaxidae in the evolution of the oligochaete annelids. Hydrobiol. 115: 25–36.Google Scholar
  4. Brinkhurst, R. O., 1984b. Comments on the evolution of the Annelida. Hydrobiol. 109: 189–191.Google Scholar
  5. Brinkhurst, R. O. & K. A. Coates, 1985. The genus Paranais (Oligochaeta, Naididae) in North America. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 98: 303–313.Google Scholar
  6. Camin, J. H. & R. R. Sokal, 1965. A method for deducing branching sequences in phylogeny. Evolution, 19: 311–326.Google Scholar
  7. Coates, K. A., 1987. Redescription of the oligochaete genus Propappus and diagnosis of the new Family Propappidae (Annelida: Oligochaeta) (in press).Google Scholar
  8. Cormack, R. M., 1971. A review of classification. J. R. Statist. Soc. A. 134: 321–353.Google Scholar
  9. Eck, R. V. & M. O. Dayhoff, 1966. Atlas of protein sequence and structure 1966. National Biomedical Research Foundation, Silver Spring.Google Scholar
  10. Erseus, C., 1984. Taxonomy and phylogeny of the gutless Phallodrilinae (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae), with descriptions of one new genus and twenty-two new species. Zool. Scr. 13: 239–272.Google Scholar
  11. Farris, J. S. & M. F. Mickevitch, 1982. Phylogenetic analysis system (PHYSYS). Fortran V software system of cladistic and phenetic algorithms.Google Scholar
  12. Felsenstein, J., 1982. Numerical methods for inferring evolutionary trees. Quart. Rev. Biol. 57: 379–404.Google Scholar
  13. Felsenstein, J., 1983. Statistical inference of phylogenies. J. R. Statist. Soc. A. 146: 246–272.Google Scholar
  14. Felsenstein, J., 1984. Phylogeny inference package (PHYLIP). Version 2.4. Documentation.Google Scholar
  15. Gower, J. C., 1966. Some distance properties of latent root and vector methods used in multivariate analysis. Biometrika, 53: 325–338.Google Scholar
  16. Jamieson, B. G. M., 1978. Phylogenetic and phenetic systematics of the opisthopore Oligochaeta (Annelida: Clitellata). Evol. Theory, 3: 195–233.Google Scholar
  17. Jamieson, B. G. M., 1980. Preliminary discussion of an Hennigian analysis of the phylogeny and systematics of opisthoporous oligochaetes. Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 17: 261–275.Google Scholar
  18. Kasprzak, K., 1984. The previous and contemporary conceptions on phylogeny and systematic classifications of Oligochaeta (Annelida). Ann. Zool. 38: 205–223.Google Scholar
  19. Kluge, A. G. & J. S. Farris, 1969. Quantitative phyletics and the evolution of anurans. Syst. Zool. 18: 1–32.Google Scholar
  20. Sims, R. W., 1980. A preliminary numerical evaluation of the taxonomic characters of Allolobophora auct. and some allies (Lumbricida: Oligochaeta) occurring in France. Pedobiologia, 20: 212–226.Google Scholar
  21. Sneath, P. H. A. & R. R. Sokal, 1973. Numerical taxonomy. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, 573 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Sperber, C., 1948. A taxonomical study of the Naididae. Zool. Bidr. Upps. 28: 1–296.Google Scholar
  23. Wiley, E. O., 1981. Phylogenetics. The theory and practice of phylogenetic systematics. John Wiley, New York, 439 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph O. Brinkhurst
    • 1
  • Amanda F. L. Nemac
    • 1
  1. 1.Ocean Ecology LaboratoryInstitute of Ocean SciencesSidneyCanada

Personalised recommendations