Mineral uptake and transport in xylem and phloem of the proteaceous tree, Banksia prionotes
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Xylem sap of sinker (tap) root, cluster feeding roots, lateral roots and from an age series of main stem extensions of 6-year trees of Banksia prionotes was collected and analyzed for principal organic and inorganic solutes. During the phase of root uptake activity in winter and spring, cluster roots were principal xylem donors of malate, phosphate, chloride, sodium, potassium and amino acid N whereas other parts of the root served as major sources to the shoot of other cations, nitrate and sulphate. Sinker root xylem sap was at all times less concentrated in solutes than that of lateral roots into which cluster roots were voiding exported solutes. Phosphate was abstracted from xylem by stem tissue during winter and it and a range of other solutes released back to xylem immediately prior to extension growth of the shoot in summer. Phloem sap collected from mid regions of stems was unusually low in potassium and phosphate relative to chloride and sulphate in comparison with phloem sap of other species, and its low potassium: sodium ratio relative to xylem indicated poor discrimination against sodium during phloem loading. Data are discussed in relation to the asynchronous seasonal cycles of nutrient uptake and shoot growth.
Key wordsBanksia mineral transport phloem seasonal partitioning xylem
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