, Volume 170, Issue 1, pp 267–284 | Cite as

The influence of animals on phosphorus cycling in lake ecosystems

  • Gunnar Andersson
  • Wilhelm Granéli
  • Jan Stenson


Aquatic animals directly influence the cycling of phosphorus in lakes through feeding and excretion. Traditionally, animals (zooplankton, benthic invertebrates and fish) have been assigned only minor roles in the process of freshwater phosphorus cycling. They were regarded as consumers without much regulating influence. Today there is growing evidence that animals, predators and herbivores, directly or indirectly can control biomass of primary producers and internal cycling of phosphorus.

This paper summarizes different mechanisms of transformation and translocation of phosphorus via different groups of organisms.


Biomass Phosphorus Minor Role Aquatic Animal Benthic Invertebrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunnar Andersson
  • Wilhelm Granéli
    • 1
  • Jan Stenson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of LimnologyUniversity of LundLundSweden
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of GöteborgGöteborgSweden

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