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Euphytica

, Volume 90, Issue 2, pp 235–244 | Cite as

Assessment of natural and induced genetic variation in Alstroemeria using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers

  • E. Anastassopoulos
  • M. Keil
Article

Summary

We have used random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers to study genetic variation in Alstroemeria. The first objective was to examine the discriminatory power of RAPD markers in different genotypes of Alstroemeria obtained by traditional breeding. All genotypes examined, including commercial Alstroemeria varieties, could be distinguished on the basis of their RAPD profiles. Progeny plants could be distinguished from their parents. A second objective of this study was to investigate whether RAPD markers can be used as a routine tool to detect mutant plants, as an alternative to glasshouse testing. To address this objective, we analysed Alstroemeria plants that carried phenotypically visible mutations that either were induced by irradiation using X-rays or were the result of somaclonal variation. In eight out of a total of 13 mutant Alstroemeria plants obtained after irradiation or tissue culture we detected no polymorphisms when compared to control plants that were considered to be non-mutated. Only in five of the mutant plants analysed we detected one to two polymorphisms. These results suggest that frequent genome rearrangements had not occurred in the mutant plants analysed. These results also demonstrate that the RAPD technique is an inappropriate tool for the rapid screening of Alstroemeria for induced variation. It that the RAPD technique is an inappropriate tool for the rapid screening of Alstroemeria for induced variation. It seems probable that this conclusion would be equally applicable in other plant genera in which induced variation has occurred. However, the RAPD technique is a simple and effective tool for genetic fingerprinting of Alstroemeria varieties, provided their differences are due to sexual propagation.

Key words

Alstroemeria genetic fingerprinting RAPD somaclonal variation alstroemeria 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Anastassopoulos
    • 1
  • M. Keil
    • 1
  1. 1.Forestry Research UnitShell Research LimitedU.K.

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