, Volume 70, Issue 3, pp 185–190 | Cite as

Comparison of callus culture with embryo culture at different times of embryo rescue for primary triticale production

  • A. Sirkka
  • T. Immonen


Callus culture of immature wheat-rye hybrid embryos was compared with embryo culture in two experiments. Embryos were rescued from field grown mother plants at two day intervals 13–21 days after pollination and plated for 1) callus culture on Murashige and Skoog medium (MS) supplemented with 2 mg/12,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid followed by plant regeneration on hormone free MS medium with half strength mineral salts, 2) embryo culture on Taira and Larter medium (TL). Observations were made on embryo size and condition at time of rescue (Experiment 1) and embryo development directly into plants (embryo culture) or through embryogenesis (callus culture). Fewer 19 and 21 day old embryos developed into plants from callus culture than from embryo culture in Experiment 1. Callus culture was more efficient than embryo culture in promoting plant recovery from 17 day old embryos in Experiment 2. The number of plants per embryo was significantly higher from callus culture than from embryo culture. In both experiments callus culture promoted embryogenesis in more embryos than developed in embryo culture. Embryo rescue 15–17 days after pollination was optimal in both experiments.

Key words

callus culture embryo culture immature embryo primary triticale wheat-rye hybrid 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Sirkka
    • 1
  • T. Immonen
    • 1
  1. 1.International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)MexicoMexico

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