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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 64, Issue 2, pp 147–155 | Cite as

Growth and population structure of Salamandra salamandra (L.) larvae in different limnological conditions

  • M. R. Warburg
  • G. Degani
  • I. Warburg
Article

Abstract

Salamandra salamandra (L.) larvae were studied in three types of aquatic systems, a permanent spring, a rock pool and temporary ponds. Growth was followed throughout ontogenesis until completion of metamorphosis. Growth patterns changed according to the pond type. Temporary ponds were rich in organic matter and subsequently larvae matured more rapidly there than those in a permanent pool or a spring. In the latter, cannibalism appears to be of major ecological importance, enabling survival and metamorphosis of large size tadpoles. The pattern of growth and metamorphosis is compared with European salamanders and the differences are discussed considering adaptations for survival of this species under xeric conditions.

Keywords

Salamandra metamorphosis aquatic biology 

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Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b.v. Publishers 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Warburg
    • 1
  • G. Degani
    • 1
  • I. Warburg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyTechnion HaifaIsrael

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