Hydrobiologia

, Volume 321, Issue 2, pp 101–107 | Cite as

First data on rabbit dung as a water fertilizer in tropical fish culture and its effect on the growth of Oreochromis niloticus (Teleostei, Cichlidae)

  • J. J. Breine
  • G. G. Teugels
  • N. Podoor
  • F. Ollevier
Article

Abstract

The influence of rabbit dung on water quality, plankton occurrence and Nile tilapia growth (Oreochromis niloticus) was studied. pH and total alkalinity increased, dissolved oxygen concentration decreased but not below the critical level whilst the nitrogen parameters were not affected in a significant way. An important increase of plankton was recorded and was reflected in a decrease of transparency: the phytoplankton density was 2.7 times that of the controls. Tilapia growth rate in the manure treatments was 5.1 times that of the control group; no significant difference in survival rates was observed.

Key words

rabbit dung water quality Nile tilapia growth fish culture Africa 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Balarin, J. D. & J. P. Hatton, 1979. Tilapia: A Guide to their Biology and Culture in Africa. University of Stirling, Stirling, 174 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Boyd, C. E., 1979. Water Quality in Warmwater Fish Ponds. Auburn University, Auburn, 359 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Buck, D. H., R. J. Baur & C. R. Rose, 1978. Utilization of swine manure in a polyculture of Asian and North American fishes. Trans. am. Fish. Soc. 107: 216–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Delincé, G., 1992. The ecology of the fish pond ecosystem: with special reference to Africa. Dev. Hydrobiol. 72: 230 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Diana, J. S., C. K. Lin & P. J. Schneeberger, 1991. Relationships among nutrient inputs, water nutrient concentrations, primary production, and yield of Oreochromis niloticus in ponds. Aquaculture 92: 323–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Green, W., R. P. Phelps & H. Alvarenga, 1989. The effect of manures and chemical fertilizers on the production of Orechromis niloticus in earthen ponds. Aquaculture 76: 37–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hepher, B. & Y. Pruginin, 1981. Commercial fish culture with special reference to fish culture in Israel. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Hogendoorn, H. & W. J. Koops, 1983. Growth and production of the African catfish Clarias lazera (C.V.). I. Effects of stocking density, pond size and mixed culture with tilapia (Sarotherodon niloticus L.) under extensive field conditions. Aquaculture 34: 253–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hutchinson, G. E., 1967. A treatise on limnology. Vol. II. Introduction to lake biology and the limnoplankton. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Lovshin, L. L., A. B. da Silva & J. A. Fernandes, 1974. The intensive culture of all male hybrid of Tilapia hornorum (male) × Tilapia nilotica (female) in Northeast Brazil. Paper CARPAS/G/74/SE 22, F.A.O. Aquaculture Conference for Latin America, Montevideo, Uruguay, 26 Nov.–2 Dec. 1974, 18 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Miller, J. W., 1975. Fertilization and feeding practices in warm-water pondfish culture in Africa. Paper CIFA/75/CR 4, F.A.O./C.I.F.A. Symposium on Aquaculture in Africa, Accra, Ghana, 30 Sept.–6 Oct. 1975, 29 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Milstein, A., G. Hulata & G. W. Wohlfarth, 1988. Canonical correlation analysis of relationships between management inputs and fish growth and yields in polyculture. Aquacult. Fish. Mgmt. 19: 13–24.Google Scholar
  13. Msiska, O. V., 1981. Qualtity and nutrient release of poultry manure immersed in water. J. limnol. Soc. S. Afr. 7: 59–62.Google Scholar
  14. Ombredane, D., V. Pouomogne, Y. Gavel & K. F. Kouadio, 1990. Les tilapias (Pisces, Cichlidae): étude monographique. Publications du département d'Halieutique Ensa de Rennes 13, 38 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Pouomogne, V., 1993. Growth response of Nile tilapia to cow manure and supplemental feed in earthen ponds. Revue Hydrobiol. trop. 26: 153–160.Google Scholar
  16. Schaperclaus, W., 1962. Traité de pisciculture en étang. Viget Frères, Paris, 620 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Schroeder, G. L., 1978. Autotrophic and heterotrophic production of microorganisms in intensively manured fish ponds, and related fish yields. Aquaculture 14: 303–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schroeder, G. & D. H. Buck, 1987. Estimates of the relative contributions of organic and mineral contents of manure to fish growth. J. Aquacult. Trop. 2: 133–138.Google Scholar
  19. Teichert-Coddington, D. R., L. L. Behrends & R. O. Smitherman, 1990. Effects of manuring regime and stocking rate on primary production and yield of tilapia using liquid swine manure. Aquaculture 88: 61–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Verheust, L., E. Rurangwa & K. L. Veverica, 1990. Oreochromis niloticus culture in Rwanda: Optimal density and feeding ratio in earthen ponds. Unpublished report, 2 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Weigel, C., 1993. Fertilisations organiques. Pour raccourcir la chaine alimentaire. Aqua Rev. 51: 16–23.Google Scholar
  22. Wohlfarth, G. H. & G. H. Hulata, 1983. Applied genetics of tilapias. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 6: 1–26.Google Scholar
  23. Wohlfarth, G. W. & G. L. Schroeder, 1979. Use of manures in fish farming — a review. Agric. Wastes 1: 279–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Zhu, Y., Y. Yang, J. Wan, D. Hua & J. A. Mathia, 1990. The effect of manure application rate and frequency upon fish yield in integrated fish farm ponds. Aquaculture 91: 233–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zweig, R. D., 1989. Evolving water quality in a common carp and blue tilapia high production pond. Hydrobiologia 171: 11–21.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. Breine
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. G. Teugels
    • 1
    • 3
  • N. Podoor
    • 4
  • F. Ollevier
    • 1
  1. 1.K.U. Leuven, Lab. of Ecology and AquacultureLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Institut de Recherches Zootechniques et VétérinairesFoumban, Cameroon
  3. 3.Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Lab. d'IchtyologieTervurenBelgium
  4. 4.K.U. Leuven, Lab. of Morphology and Systematics of PlantsLeuvenBelgium

Personalised recommendations