New Forests

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 171–180 | Cite as

Growth and nutrition of containerized Pinus Resinosa seedlings at varying moisture regimes

  • V. R. Timmer
  • G. Armstrong


Containerized red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) seedlings were grown over a 16-week rotation at different irrigation treatments to assess moisture stress on plant growth and nutrition, and to evaluate container capacity as a guide for irrigation. Wet, moist and dry moisture regimes were induced by watering trees to the container capacity weight of the growing medium after declining to respective 92, 73 and 57% of this reference weight. The seedlings received the same amount of fertilizer over the growth period. Maximum shoot and root growth was attained under the wet moisture regime, but biomass was reduced 21 and 43% for the moist and dry regimes. Plant nutrient concentrations were not significantly affected by watering treatment, and vector diagnosis of dry matter production and element composition indicated that macronutrients were non-limiting. Seedling nutrient uptake however, was significantly diminished by moisture stress which was attributed to decreased root growth and lower mass flow and diffusion of nutrients when moisture availability was reduced in the peat rooting media. Container capacity was found to be a sensitive reference for judging the watering requirements of greenhouse-grown containerized seedlings. The method can be relatively easily applied on an operational basis.

Key words

container capacity irrigation nutrient diagnosis 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. R. Timmer
    • 1
  • G. Armstrong
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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