Plant Molecular Biology

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 595–604 | Cite as

Cis-acting elements and expression pattern of the spinach rps22 gene coding for a plastid-specific ribosomal protein

  • You-Fang Li
  • Dao-Xiu Zhou
  • Gérard Clabault
  • Cordelia Bisanz-Seyer
  • Régis Mache
Research Article


In order to study the regulation of nuclear genes coding for plastid ribosomal proteins, we have analysed the promoter region of spinach rps22 using both in vitro and in vivo approaches. By footprinting analyses, we have identified eight DNA elements interacting with spinach leaf nuclear factors in the 300 bp promoter region upstream of the transcription start site. Among these elements, four are short AT-rich sequences and one is identical to the Hex motif characterized initially in wheat histone genes. In transgenic tobacco plants, the reporter gene coding for the β-glucuronidase (GUS) directed by a 1.2 kb upstream region of rps22 was expressed in several plant organs, with high levels in leaf mesophyll, embryo cotyledons and root meristematic cells and very low levels in other cell types. Interestingly, when deleted to -295, the promoter, which contained all the foot-printed elements, was still able to confer the same expression pattern, although the activity was relatively lower than with the 1.2 kb promoter. When deleted further to -154, the promoter, from which the AT-rich elements were eliminated, loses its activity almost completely, suggesting that these AT-rich elements are important for the rps22 promoter activity. Altogether, our results show that rps22 gene expression is controlled by specific cis elements not present in other nuclear-encoded plastid ribosomal protein genes studied so far.

Key words

cell specificity footprints plastid-specific promoter ribosomal protein gene transgenic plants 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • You-Fang Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dao-Xiu Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gérard Clabault
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cordelia Bisanz-Seyer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Régis Mache
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire VégétaleUniversité Joseph FourierGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Unité de Recherche Associée 1178)GrenobleFrance

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