Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 46, Issue 1–2, pp 159–167 | Cite as

The potential applications of cyanobacterial photosynthesis for clean technologies

  • David O. Hall
  • Sergei A. Markov
  • Yoshitomo Watanabe
  • K. Krishna Rao


Natural photosynthesis may be adapted to advantage in the development of clean energy technologies. Efficient biocatalysts that can be used in solar energy conversion technologies are the cyanobacteria. Photobioreactors incorporating cyanobacteria have been used to demonstrate (a) the production of hydrogen gas, (b) the assimilation of CO2 with the production of algal biomass, (c) the excretion of ammonium, and (d) the removal of nitrate and phosphate from contaminated waters.

Key words

Anabaena-Azolla biofertiliser biocoil photoreactors co2 mitigation hydrogen photoproduction immobilised cyanobacteria water depollution 





dry weight




photosynthetically active radiation








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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • David O. Hall
    • 1
  • Sergei A. Markov
    • 1
  • Yoshitomo Watanabe
    • 1
  • K. Krishna Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Life SciencesKing's College LondonLondonUK

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