Hydrobiologia

, Volume 231, Issue 3, pp 187–196 | Cite as

Feeding habits and food resources of filter-feeding Trichoptera in a regulated mountain stream

  • Neal J. Voelz
  • J. V. Ward
Article

Abstract

A year-round study was conducted to examine feeding habits and food resources of the filter-feeding Trichoptera Arctopsyche grandis and Brachycentrus occidentalis along a regulated mountain stream gradient. There was a well defined longitudinal species replacement with A. grandis reaching maximum densities 2.3 kilometers below the impoundment, and concomitant with its decline downstream was an increase in B. occidentalis. At all sampling sites the < 75 µm organic seston fraction usually consisted primarily of diatoms (>70%, by areal estimate on microscope slides), whereas the 75–250 µm and > 250 µm seston fractions were predominantly composed of detritus (> 80 %). B. occidentalis larvae consumed primarily detritus and diatoms (> 70 % of the diet), while A. grandis ingested a variety of materials with animals, detritus and/or filamentous algae often constituting > 80% of the diet. Animal material was over-represented in the diets of both species when compared with amounts in the seston. Feeding habits provided partial explanations for the distinct longitudinal distribution patterns of filter-feeding Trichoptera observed in the regulated river.

Key words

Feeding habits organic seston filter-feeding Trichoptera regulated stream 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neal J. Voelz
    • 1
  • J. V. Ward
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.Department of Ecology and LimnologyUniversity of LundLundSweden

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