International Journal of Fracture

, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp 155–171 | Cite as

Weld magnification factors for semi-elliptical surface cracks in fillet welded T-butt joint models

  • B. Fu
  • J. V. Haswell
  • P. Bettess


The weld magnification factor method has been widely used in the determination of the stress intensity factor (SIF) for weld-toe cracks in welded structural components. Weld magnification factors M kare normally derived from two-dimensional crack models with fillet weld profiles to take account of the effect of weld-notch stress concentration at the deepest point of the crack front. This paper presents a detailed three-dimensional analysis of weld-toe surface cracks in fillet welded T-butt joint models using the finite element method. Effects of the weld notch and the welded attachment stiffness on the SIFs of the weld-toe surface cracks have been studied quantitatively. Weld magnification factors applying to the whole surface crack fronts have been estimated. Numerical results show two contradictory effects; that the effect of weld notch increases SIF values throughout the shallow surface crack fronts which are in the region of notch stress concentration, while the effect of local structural constraint reduces the SIF values. The increase in the SIF values mainly depends upon the relative crack front depth and the decrease in the SIF values mainly depends upon the crack shape aspect ratio for a specific weld profile. Both effects on the weld magnification factors can be estimated separately. A simple approach for deriving the weld magnification factors for various weld-toe surface crack problems is proposed for engineering applications.


Surface Crack Crack Front Stress Intensity Factor Finite Element Result Crack Aspect Ratio 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Fu
    • 1
  • J. V. Haswell
    • 2
  • P. Bettess
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine TechnologyUniversity of Newcastle upon TyneNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.British Gas plcEngineering Research StationNewcastle upon TyneUK

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