Plant and Soil

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 87–96 | Cite as

Effect of soil compaction and nitrogen placement on weed population, yield and moisture use pattern of rainfed wheat

  • R. A. Singh
  • O. P. Singh
  • Mahatim Singh


Field experiments showed that soil compaction did not affect wheat yield significantly under rainfed conditions. Weed population was significantly reduced due to soil compaction. Compaction decreased total moisture use and increased water use efficiency. There was better and profitable utilization of stored soil moisture from the compaction treatments as compared to no compaction treatment.

Placement of nitrogen about 10 to 15 cm deep in the soil directly below the seed resulted in significant increase in the yield of wheat crop grown under rainfed conditions. Weed population was not affected due to nitrogen placement. Total moisture use reduced due to nitrogen placement. Under rainfed conditions, deep placement of nitrogen was important for increasing the efficiency of fertilizer as well as water utilization by wheat crop.


Nitrogen Soil Moisture Plant Physiology Compaction Field Experiment 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hanks R. J. and Thorp F. C., Seedling emergence of wheat as related to soil moisture content, bulk density, oxygen diffusion rate and crust strength. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc. 20, 307–310 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jackson M. L., ‘Soil Chemical Analysis’ Prentice Hall Inc., Eng., N.J., U.S.A. (1958).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Phillips R. E. and Kirkham D., Soil compaction in the field and corn growth. Agron. Jour. 54, 29–34 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rosenberg N. J. and Willits N. A., Yield and physiological response of barley and beans grown in artificially compacted soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc. 26, 78–82 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Varade S. B. and Ghildyal B. P., Mechanical impedance and growth of paddy in artifically compacted lateritic sandy loam soil. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sc. 15, 157–162 (1967).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Singh
    • 1
  • O. P. Singh
    • 1
  • Mahatim Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Project on Dryland Agriculture, Department of AgronomyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations