, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 267–273 | Cite as

Trophic status of Iowa Lakes in relation to origin and glacial geology

  • John R. Jones
  • Roger W. Bachmann


Natural and artificial lakes in the most recently glaciated portions of Iowa have significantly greater total ion concentrations than those in other areas of the state. A similar distribution was found for total nitrogen concentrations. Lake origin seems of greater importance than location in determining trophic state. As a group, the artificial lakes have lower concentrations of total phosphorus, total chlorophyll, and greater Secchi disk transparency than do the natural lakes. This seems related to differences in the dynamics of the phosphorus cycles in these lake types.


Eutrophication Iowa lakes phosphorus water chemistry 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American Public Health Association. 1971. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. 13th ed., New York, American Public Health Association. 874 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Armstrong, F. A. J. & Schindler, D. W. 1971. Preliminary chemical characterization of waters in the Experimental Lakes Area, northwestern Ontario. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 28: 171–187.Google Scholar
  3. Bachmann, R. W. 1965. Some chemical characteristics of Iowa lakes and reservoirs. Proc. Iowa Acad. Sci. 72: 238–243.Google Scholar
  4. Bachmann, R. W. & Jones, J. R. 1976. Is nutrient removal worthwhile? Water Wastes Eng. 13: (2) 14–16.Google Scholar
  5. Deevey, E. S., Jr. 1940. Limnological studies in Connecticut. V. A contribution to regional limnology. Am. J. Sci. 238: 717–741.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dillon, P. J. & Rigler, F. H. 1974. The phosphorus-chlorophyll relationship in lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr. 19: 767–773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dillon, P. J. & Rigler, F. H. 1975. A simple method for predicting the capacity of a lake for development based on lake trophic status. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 32: 1519–1531.Google Scholar
  8. Edmondson, W. T. 1972. Nutrients and phytoplankton in Lake Washington. pp. 172–188 in Symposium on nutrients and eutrophication, the limiting nutrient controversy. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Special Symposium 1. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas.Google Scholar
  9. Golterman, H. L. ed. 1969. Methods for chemical analysis of fresh waters. Int. Biol. Program Handb. 8. Oxford Blackwell Scientific Publications, 172 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Jones, J. R. & Bachmann, R. W. 1974. Limnological features of some northwestern Iowa lakes. Proc. Iowa Acad. Sci. 81: 158–163.Google Scholar
  11. Jones, J. R. & Bachmann, R. W. 1975. Algal response to nutrient inputs in some Iowa lakes. Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 19: 904–910.Google Scholar
  12. Jones, J. R. & Bachmann, R. W. 1976a. Prediction of phosphorus and chlorophyll levels in lakes. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 48: 2176–2182.Google Scholar
  13. Jones, J. R. & Bachmann, R. W. 1976b. A preliminary study of water transparency in Iowa lakes. Unpublished report. Dept. of Animal Ecology, Iowa State Univ., Ames. 9 p.Google Scholar
  14. Jones, J. R., Borofka, B. P. & Bachmann, R. W. 1976, Factors affecting nutrient loads in some Iowa streams. Water Res. 10: 117–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Menzel, D. W. & Corwin, N. 1965. The measurement of total phosphorus in seawater based on the liberation of organically bound fractions by persulfate oxidation. Limnol. Oceanogr. 10: 280–282.Google Scholar
  16. Moyle, J. B. 1956. Relationship between the chemistry of Minnesota surface water and wildlife management. J. Wildl. Manage. 20: 303–320.Google Scholar
  17. Murphy, J. & Riley, J. P. 1962. A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Anal. Chim. Acta. 27: 31–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Oglesby, R. T. & Schaffner, W. R. 1975. Response of lakes to phosphorus. In Porter, K. S., Ed. Nitrogen and phosphorus; food production, waste, and the environment. Ann Arbor Science Publ. Inc. Ann Arbor, Michigan.Google Scholar
  19. Parsons, T. R. & Strickland, J. D. 1963. Discussion of spectrophotometric determination of marine-plant pigments, with revised equations of ascertaining chlorophylls and carotenoids. J. Mar. Res. 21: 155–163.Google Scholar
  20. Richards, F. A. with Thompson, T. G. 1952. The estimation and characterization of plankton populations by pigment analyses: II. a spectrophotometric method for the estimation of plankton pigments. J. Mar. Res. 11: 156–171.Google Scholar
  21. Ruhe, R. V. 1969. Quaternary landscapes in Iowa. Iowa State University Press, Ames, 255 p.Google Scholar
  22. Ruttner, F. 1963. Fundamentals of limnology. (Translat. D. G. Frey and F. E. J. Fry.) Toronto, Univ. of Toronto Press, 295 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Sakamoto, M. 1966. Primary production by phytoplankton community in some Japanese lakes and its dependence on lake depth. Arch. Hydrobiol. 62: 1–28.Google Scholar
  24. Shapiro, J., Lundquist, J. B. & Carlson, R. E. 1975. Involving the public in limnology-an approach to communication. Verh. Int. Verein. Limnol. 19: 866–874.Google Scholar
  25. Strickland, J. D. H. & Parsons, T. R. 1968. A practical handbook of seawater analysis. Fish. Res. Board Can., Bull. No. 167.Google Scholar
  26. Tabatabai, M. A. 1974. Determination of sulphate in water samples. Sulphur Inst. J. 10: 11–13.Google Scholar
  27. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1975. A compendium of lake and reservoir data collected by the National Eutrophication Survey in the northeast and north central United States. Working Pap. 474. Corvallis and Las Vegas, p. 210.Google Scholar
  28. Vollenweider, R. A. 1968. Scientific fundamentals of the eutrophication of lakes and flowing waters, with particular reference to phosphorus and nitrogen as factors in eutrophication. Technical Report to O.E.C.D., Paris, DAS/CSI 68.27: 1–182.Google Scholar
  29. Vollenweider, R. A. 1976. Advances in defining critical loading levels for phosphorus in lake eutrophication. Mem. 1st. Ital. Idrobiol. Dott Marco de Marchi 33: 53–83.Google Scholar
  30. Vallentyne, J. R. 1974. The algal bowl; lakes and man. Dep. of the Environ., Fish. and Mar. Serv. Misc. Spec. Publ. 22.Google Scholar
  31. Walker, P. H. 1966. Postglacial environments in relation to landscape and soils on the Cary drift, Iowa. Iowa Agric. Home Econ. Exp. Stn. Res. Bull. 549.Google Scholar
  32. Yentch, C. S. & Menzel, D. W. 1963. A method for the determination of phytoplankton chlorophyll and phaeophytin by flourescence. Deep Sea Res. 10: 221–231.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b. v. Publishers 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Jones
    • 1
  • Roger W. Bachmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal EcologyIowa State UniversityAmes

Personalised recommendations