Effect of dual inoculation of Douglas fir with the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria laccata and mycorrhization helper bacteria (MHB) in two bare-root forest nurseries
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Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings in two bare-root forest nurseries were inoculated with the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria laccata, together or not with one of five mycorrhization helper bacteria isolated from L. laccata sporocarps or mycorrhizas and previously selected by in vitro and glasshouse screenings. With the most efficient MHB isolates, when compared to the control with no bacteria, the percent of mycorrhizal short roots was increased from 60 to 90 or from 80 to 100, depending on the nursery, with inoculation doses as low as 106 living cells per m2. A dual inoculum made of calcium alginate beads containing the two microorganisms appears to be a valuable technique for increasing the efficiency of ectomycorrhizal inoculation of planting stocks in forest nurseries.
Key wordsbacteria ectomycorrhiza interactions Laccaria laccata Pseudotsuga menziesii rhizosphere
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