Symbiotic effectiveness of Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from Parasponia and tropical legumes on Parasponia host species
- Cite this article as:
- Trinick, M.J. & Hadobas, P.A. Plant Soil (1990) 124: 117. doi:10.1007/BF00010939
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The symbiotic effectiveness of Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from three species of Parasponia and from legumes were compared on Parasponia grown in Leonard-jars. Effectiveness of each symbiotic association was estimated from dry weight and total nitrogen of shoots and nodules of plants grown on medium free of combined nitrogen. Twenty strains isolated from three species of Parasponia were found to vary in their effectiveness on P. andersonii, the least effective fixing one fifth of the nitrogen of the most effective strains. The outcome of the symbiosis was not associated with the host source of the test strain. P. andersonii, P. rugosa and P. rigida responded differently to a selection of seven strains of Parasponia Bradyrhizobium; some strains were either ineffective or fully effective on each host, while others varied in their symbiotic performance. P. andersonii fixed significantly (P < 0.001) larger quantities of nitrogen than either P. rugosa or P. rigida with p. rigida being the least effective. In contrast to Bradyrhizobium strains from Parasponia spp. which formed nodules rapidly (within 11–20 days), nine strains isolated from legumes required between 25 and 74 days to form partially effective nodules. The thre Parasponia species formed relatively large quantities of nodule tissue relative to the amount of nitrogen fixed and shoot dry matter produced. The Bradyrhizobium isolated from Parasponia plants growing in Papua New Guinea soils could be grouped together on the basis of their infection characteristics on Parasponia and legumes.