, Volume 336, Issue 1–3, pp 151–157 | Cite as

16. Dispersal of freshwater algae — a review

  • Jørgen Kristiansen


A survey is given on the various methods for dispersal of freshwater algae. Dispersal factors are either water or air, or organisms — from beetles, dragonflies and mammals to birds, the latter being the most important group. The question of dispersal distances is discussed, in relation to dispersal mechanisms and to the resistance of the algae to transport conditions. Man's recent importance in algal dispersal is emphasized.

Key words

dispersal mechanisms water fish insects mammals birds air distances 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jørgen Kristiansen
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanical Institute, Dept. of PhycologyUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen KDenmark

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