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Plant and Soil

, Volume 153, Issue 1, pp 19–31 | Cite as

Growth and ion accumulation of two rapid-cycling Brassica species differing in salt tolerance

  • Tie He
  • Grant R. Cramer
Research Article

Abstract

The response of two rapid-cycling Brassica species differing in tolerance to seawater salinity was studied over a period of 24 days. In response to 8 dS m−1 salinity, the two Brassica species showed clear differences in the changes in relative growth rate (RGR), net assimilation rate (NAR) and leaf area ratio (LAR). The RGR of B. napus was slightly reduced by salinity, wheareas the RGR of B. carinata was largely reduced in the early stages of salinization. LAR of B. napus was affected by salinity in the later stages of growth and significantly correlated with the reduction in RGR. On the other hand, the NAR of B. carinata was decreased by salinity, corresponding to the decrease of the RGR of B. carinata. The NAR of B. napus was not significantly affected by salinity according to analysis of covariance. The shoot concentrations of Na, Mg and Cl increased while the concentrations of K and Ca decreased sharply during the first 5 days of salinization; subsequently, all ion concentrations remained relatively constant. The concentrations of Na, K, Ca, Mg and Cl in the root were similarly affected by salinity. There were no significant differences of ion concentrations between species that could be related to the differences in salt tolerance. Thus, the differences in salt tolerance between species can not be related to differences in specific-ion effects, but may be related to some factor that reduces the NAR of B. carinata during the early stages of growth.

Key words

Brassica carinata Brassica napus calcium chloride growth analysis leaf area ratio magnesium net assimilation rate potassium relative growth rate seawater sodium 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Acdemic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tie He
    • 1
  • Grant R. Cramer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of NevadaRenoUSA

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