Chrysophycean cysts: indicators of eutrophication in the recent sediments of Frains Lake, Michigan, U.S.A.
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The recent sediments of Frains Lake, Michigan contain a rich and well preserved association of chrysophycean cysts. Forty one forms are revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopy (LM). Taxonomic descriptions. and SEM micrographs are provided for the dominant forms. The three dominant taxa throughout the sediments, Cysta minima, C. modica and C. subbavaricum, do not show significant shifts in proportional abundance associated with European settlement and the onset of cultural eutrophication. However, certain subdominant taxa do show clear trends. Density counts indicate a dramatic decline in cyst concentration (by volume and by dry mass) and a sharp increase in absolute accumulation (net annual influx) following settlement.
The Frains Lake profile of chrysophycean cysts is compared to sequences of other North American and European temperate lakes. The utility of chrysophycean cysts as paleoenvironmental indicators is considered on the basis of these results.
KeywordsChrysophycea cultural eutrophication paleolimnology resting cyst statospore stratigraphy
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