Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 101, Issue 1–2, pp 121–128 | Cite as

The food preference of vendace (Coregonus albula) in South Swedish forest lakes including the predation effect on zooplankton populations

  • Stellan F. Hamrin
Article

Abstract

Vendace (Coregonus albula, L.) is in the southern part of its distribution area during the summer period restricted to hypolimnion. Food is dominated by Bosmina coregoni and Daphnia sp. The selectivity index is highest for large cladocerans and large copepods.

The pelagic crustacean fauna in vendace lakes is dominated by small species like Bosmina coregoni, Daphnia cristata, Thermocyclops and Mesocyclops sp. and Eudiaptomus sp. During periods of maximum vendace abundance only Bosmina coregoni is left of the cladocerans, while the abundance of cyclopoid copepods increases.

Keywords

forest water ecosystems Coregonus albula food selection predation effects Bosmina coregoni 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andersson, G., Berggren, H., Cronberg, G. & Gelin, C., 1978. Effects of planktivorous and benthivorous fish on organisms and water chemistry in eutrophic lakes. Hydrobiologia 59: 9–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brooks, J. L., 1968. The effects of prey size selection by lake planktivores. Syst. Zool. 17: 273–291Google Scholar
  3. Brooks, J. L. & Dodson, S. I., 1965. Predation, body size, and composition of plankton. Science 150: 28–35.Google Scholar
  4. De Bernardi, R. & Giusanni, G., 1975. Population dynamics of three cladocerans of Lago Maggiore related to predation pressure by a planktophagous fish. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 19: 2901–2912.Google Scholar
  5. Dodson, S. I., 1970. Complementary feeding niches sustained by size-selective predation. Limnol. Oceanogr. 15: 131–137.Google Scholar
  6. Eggers, D. M., 1977. The nature of prey selection by planktivorous fish. Ecology 58: 46–59.Google Scholar
  7. Ekström, Ch., 1975. Djurplankton. Rödingsjöar söder om Dalälven. Inform. Inst. freshwat. Res. Drottningholm 7: 49–53.Google Scholar
  8. Galbraith, M. G., Jr., 1967. Size-selective predation on Daphnia by rainbow trout. Trans. amer. Fish. Soc. 96: 1–10.Google Scholar
  9. Gardner, M. B., 1981. Mechanisms of size selectivity by planktivorous fish: a test of hypothesis. Ecology 62: 571–578.Google Scholar
  10. Gophen, M. & Landau, R., 1977. Trophic interactions between zooplankton and sardine Mirogrex terraesanctae populations in Lake Kinneret, Israel. OIKOS 29: 166–174.Google Scholar
  11. Grygierek, E., 1973. Zooplankton w przesadkach I. Rocz. nauk Roln. 95 H 3: 7–33.Google Scholar
  12. Hakkari, L., 1978. On the productivity and ecology of zooplankton and its role as food for fish in some lakes in central Finland. Biol. Res. Dep. Univ. Jyväskylä 4: 1–87.Google Scholar
  13. Hall, D. J., Threlkeld, S. T., Burns, C. W. & Crowley, P. H., 1976. The size-efficiency hypothesis and the size structure of zooplankton communities. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 7: 177–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hamrin, S. F., 1979. Population dynamics, vertical distribution and food selection of vendace, Coregonus albula, in south Swedish lakes. Thesis, Univ. Lund, 195 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Hrbáaček, J., 1962. Species composition and the amount of zooplankton in relation to the fish stock. Rozpr. čsl. Akad. Věd. Řada 72 10: 1–80.Google Scholar
  16. Hutchinson, B. P., 1971. The effect of fish predation on the zooplankton of ten Adirondack lakes, with particular reference to the alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus. Trans. am. Fish. Soc. 100?: 325–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Keast, A., 1980. Food and feeding relationships of young fish in the first weeks after the beginning of exogenous feeding in Lake Opinicon, Ontario, Envir. Biol. Fish 5: 305–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kerfoot, W. Ch. & Peterson, C., 1980. Predatory copepods and Bosmina: Replacement cycles and further influences of predation upon prey reproduction. Ecology 61: 417–431.Google Scholar
  19. Maltsman, T. S., 1974. Zooplankton development in heavily stocked fishponds. J. Hydrobiol. 10: 26–30.Google Scholar
  20. Marciak, Z., 1962. Seasonal variations in feeding habits and growth of Coregonus albula in Pluszne Lake. Roczn. Nauk roln. B. 81: 335–357.Google Scholar
  21. Mistautaite, V. & Kublickas, A., 1975. Morphological and ecological variability of smelt in Lithuanian waters. Liet. TSR Mokslu Akad. Darb. C 3 (English summary).Google Scholar
  22. Nauwerck, A., 1963. Die Beziehungen zwischen Zooplankton und Phytoplankton im See Erken. Symb. bot. ups. 17, 163 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Nilssen, J. P., Halvorsen, G. & Melåen, J. G., 1980. Seasonal divergence of Bosmina morphs. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 65: 507–516.Google Scholar
  24. Nilsson, N.-A., 1974. Fiskens näringsval i öppna Vänern. Inform. Inst. freshwat. Res. Drottningholm. 17: 1–57.Google Scholar
  25. Nilsson, N.-A. & Pejler, B., 1973. On the relation between fish fauna and zooplankton composition in North Swedish lakes. Rep. Inst. freshwat. Res. Drottningholm 53: 51–77.Google Scholar
  26. O'Brien, W. J., 1979. The predatory-prey interaction of planktivorous fish and zooplankton. Am. Scient. 67: 572–581.Google Scholar
  27. Stenson, J. A. E., 1972. Fish predation effects on the species composition of the zooplankton community in eight small forest lakes. Rep. Inst. freshwat. Res. Drottningholm 52: 132–148.Google Scholar
  28. Svärdson, G., 1979. Speciation of Scandinavian Coregonus. Rep. Inst. freshwat. Res. Drottningholm 57: 1–95.Google Scholar
  29. Vallin, S., 1969. Siklöjans näiringsbiologi i Lambarfjärden, Mälaren. Inform. Inst. freshwat. Res. Drottningholm 7: 1–57.Google Scholar
  30. Warshaw, S. J., 1972. Effects of alewifes (Alosa pseudoharengus) on the zooplankton of Lake Wononskopomuc, Connecticut. Limnol. Oceanogr. 17: 816–825.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stellan F. Hamrin
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of LimnologyUniversity of LundLundSweden

Personalised recommendations