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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 241, Issue 2, pp 71–89 | Cite as

Morphogeographic variations in the genusMesopodopsis Czerniavsky with descriptions of three new species (Crustacea, Mysidacea)

  • Karl J. Wittmann
Article

Abstract

Most of the exceptional morphological features of the genusMesopodopsis are shared withNanomysis, Diamysis, andLimnomysis in a mosaic-like pattern. This group, comprising euryhaline species from fresh-to metahaline waters, has its centre of recent species richness in the Mediterranean to Ponto-Caspian region.

Within the genus one may distinguish two morphogeographic groups, Euro-African species with a spine below the statocyst, and Indo-Australasian species without this spine. Detailed study from the entire distribution range indicates thatM. slabberi (van Beneden) should be split into 4 species: the nominal form from the NE-Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Black Sea, with 5–8 segments on the tarsus of the fourth thoracic endopod;M. aegyptia n.sp., widely distributed in the Mediterranean, with 7–9 segments on this tarsus as well as dimorphic setation patterns on the eighth tarsus;M. tropicalis n.sp. from equatorial W-Africa with 5–6 segments and dimorphic setation patterns on the mandibular palp; andM. wooldridgei n.sp. from South African waters with 9–12 segments on the tarsal joint of the fourth thoracic appendage, respectively.

A key to the seven known species of the genus is given.

Key words

taxonomy biogeography euryhaline species mysids Mesopodopsis 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl J. Wittmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Allgemeine Biologie, Universität WienWienAustria

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