Advertisement

Plant and Soil

, Volume 163, Issue 2, pp 189–195 | Cite as

Nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide emissions from pelletized and nonpelletized poultry litter incorporated into soil

  • M. L. Cabrera
  • S. C. Chiang
  • W. C. Merka
  • O. C. Pancorbo
  • S. A. Thompson
Research Article

Abstract

While several studies have shown that the addition of animal manures to soil can increase N2O and CO2 emissions, limited information is available on the effect that manure physical characteristics can have on these emissions. This study compared N2O and CO2 emissions from poultry litter incorporated as pellets (5.5 mm OD, 7 mm long) or fine particles (<0.83 mm) into Cecil soil samples. The soil-litter mixture was packed in acrylic plastic cylinders and adjusted to 55 or 90 % water-filled porosity (WFP). The cylinders were placed inside jars that were sealed and placed in an incubator at 25°C for 35 d, with periodic air samplings conducted for N2O and CO2 analyses. At 55% WFP, cumulative emission of CO2 was similar for both litter types, but cumulative emission of N2O was slightly higher for pelletized (6.8 % of applied N) than for fine-particle litter (5.5 %). In contrast, at 90 % WFP, cumulative emission of N2O was larger for fine-particle litter (3.4 % of applied N) than for pelletized litter (1.5 %). These results indicate that the effect of poultry litter physical characteristics on N2O emissions from incorporated applications can be expected to vary depending on the soil water regime.

Key words

carbon dioxide N mineralization nitrous oxide poultry litter soil 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander M 1977 Introduction to Soil Microbiology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson J H 1964 The metabolism of hydroxylamine nitrite byNitrosomonas. Biochem. J. 91, 8–17.Google Scholar
  3. Aulakh M S, Doran J W, Walters D T, Mosier A R and Francis D D 1991 Crop residue type and placement effects on denitrification and mineralization. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55, 1020–1025.Google Scholar
  4. Burford J R 1976 Effect of the application of cow slurry to grassland on the composition of the soil atmosphere. J. Sci. Food Agric. 27, 115–126.Google Scholar
  5. Cabrera M L, Chiang S C, Merka W C, Pancorbo O C and Thompson S A 1994 Pelletizing and soil water effects on gaseous emissions from surface-applied poultry litter. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. (In press).Google Scholar
  6. Comfort S D, Kelling K A, Keeney D R and Converse J C 1990 Nitrous oxide production from injected liquid dairy manure. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 54, 421–427.Google Scholar
  7. Crooke W M and Simpson W E 1971 Determination of ammonium on Kjeldahl digests of crops by an automated procedure. J. Sci. Food Agric. 22, 9–10.Google Scholar
  8. Crutzen P J 1976 Upper limits on atmospheric ozone reductions following increased application of fixed nitrogen to soil. Geophys. Res. Lett 3, 555–558.Google Scholar
  9. Davidson E A, Swank W T and Perry T O 1986 Distinguishing between nitrification and denitrification as sources of gaseous nitrogen production in soil. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 52, 1280–1286.Google Scholar
  10. Dickinson R E and Cicerone R J 1986 Future global warming from atmospheric trace gases. Nature (London) 319, 109–115.Google Scholar
  11. Egginton G M and Smith K A 1986 Nitrous oxide emission from a grassland soil fertilized with slurry and calcium nitrate. J. Soil Sci. 37, 59–67.Google Scholar
  12. Focht D D 1974 The effect of temperature, pH and aeration on the production of nitrous oxide and gaseous nitrogen-a zero-order kinetic model. Soil Sci. 118, 173–179.Google Scholar
  13. Gale P M and Gilmour J T 1986 Carbon and nitrogen mineralization kinetics for poultry litter. J. Environ. Qual. 15, 423–426.Google Scholar
  14. Goreau T J, Kaplan W A, Wofsy S C, McElroy M B, Valois F W and Watson S W 1980 Production of NO2 and N2O by nitrifying bacteria at reduced concentrations of oxygen. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 40, 526–532.Google Scholar
  15. Hadas A, Bar-Yosef B, Davidov S and Sofer M 1983 Effect of pelleting, temperature, and soil type on mineral nitrogen release from poultry and dairy manures. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 47, 1129–1133.Google Scholar
  16. Keeney D R and Nelson D W 1982 Nitrogen-inorganic forms.In Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Eds. A L Page, R H Miller and D R Keeney. pp 643–689. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.Google Scholar
  17. Klemedtsson L, Svensson B H and Rosswall T 1988 Relationships between soil moisture content and nitrous oxide production during nitrification and denitrification. Biol. Fertil. Soils 6, 106–111.Google Scholar
  18. Knowles R 1982 Denitrification. Microbiol. Rev. 46, 43–70.Google Scholar
  19. Linn D M and Doran J W 1984 Effect of water-filled pore space on carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide production in tilled and nontilled soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 48, 1267–1272.Google Scholar
  20. Liu S C, Cicerone R J, Donahue T M and Chameides W L 1976 Limitation of fertilizer induced ozone reduction by the long lifetime of the reservoir of fixed nitrogen. Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 157–160.Google Scholar
  21. Nelson D W and Sommers L E 1982 Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter.In Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Eds. A LPage, R HMiller and D RKeeney. pp 537–579. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.Google Scholar
  22. Parkin T B 1987 Soil microsites as a source of denitrification variability. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 51, 1191–1199.Google Scholar
  23. Perkins H F 1987 Characterization data for selected Georgia soils. Special Publication 43, The Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.Google Scholar
  24. Poth M and Focht D D 198515N kinetic analysis of N2O production byNitrosomonas europaea: and examination of nitrifier denitrification. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 49, 1134–1141.Google Scholar
  25. Rice C W, Sierzega P E, Tiedje J M and Jacobs L W 1988 Stimulated denitrification in the microenvironment of a biodegradable organic waste injected into soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 52, 102–108.Google Scholar
  26. Ritchie G A F and Nicholas D J D 1972 Identification of the sources of nitrous oxide produced by oxidative and reductive processes inNitrosomonas europaea. Biochem. J. 126, 1181–1191.Google Scholar
  27. SAS Institute Inc. 1985 SAS User's Guide: Statistics, Version 5 Edition, Cary, North Carolina.Google Scholar
  28. Stevens R J and Cornforth I S 1974 The effect of pig slurry applied to a soil surface on the composition of the soil atmosphere. J. Sci. Food Agric. 25, 1263–1272.Google Scholar
  29. Tiedje J M 1982 Denitrification.In Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Eds. A LPage, R HMiller and D RKeeney. pp 1011–1026. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.Google Scholar
  30. Tiedje J M 1988 Ecology of denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium.In Biology of Anaerobic Microorganisms. Ed. A J BZehnder. pp 179–244. John Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  31. Wang W and Molnar G 1985 A model study of the greenhouse effects due to increasing atmospheric CH4, N2O, C2Cl2, and CFCl3. J. Geophys. Res. 90, 12971–12980.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. Cabrera
    • 1
  • S. C. Chiang
    • 4
  • W. C. Merka
    • 2
  • O. C. Pancorbo
    • 5
  • S. A. Thompson
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Soil SciencesUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Extension Poultry ScienceUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  3. 3.Agricultural and Biological Engineering DepartmentUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  4. 4.Taiwan Banana Research InstitutePingtungTaiwan
  5. 5.Department of Environmental ProtectionLawrence Experiment StationLawrenceUSA

Personalised recommendations