, Volume 323, Issue 3, pp 169–197 | Cite as

The biogeography of littoral Lecane Rotifera

  • Hendrik Segers


Little is known on the biogeography of Rotifera, particularly regarding the littoral taxa. Here, the biogeography of the most specious group of littoral Rotifera, Lecane, is discussed based on a recent revision of the group, and considering only verified records.

Only 41.3% of all 167 Lecane morphospecies are widely distributed. Of these, 21 (12.6%) are cosmopolitan (sensu strictu), 26 (15.6%) are Tropicopolitan. There are 6 (3.6%) Arctic-temperate and Pantropical taxa. These categories of widely distributed taxa are not clear-cut, as differences in latitudinal distribution are largely gradual. Ten taxa have odd distributions. Most of these are insufficiently known and some may be recent introductions.

All the major zoogeographical regions have their share of endemic taxa, with endemicity rates varying from 6.5% to 21.8%. Thirteen Holarctic, one widespread Eastern hemisphere, eleven Palaearctic, six Palaeotropical, one Australasian and five widespread Western hemisphere taxa have circumscribed ranges encompassing more than one region. The Palaeotropical and Holarctic components are particularly noteworthy, and may result from relatively recent faunal exchange between the Palaearctic and Nearctic, and between the African, Oriental and Australian regions. The different orientation of the major mountain chains of the Eastern and Western hemisphere, and the presence of extensive arid regions in Northern Africa, Arabia and Asia may explain the difference in faunal similarity between the tropical and temperate faunas of the Eastern and Western hemispheres. Ornithochoric dispersal and human introductions may have played a role in the exchange of faunas.

The analysis of pairs or groups of closely related taxa only rarely reveals a causal relation between tectonical events and phylogeny. Most vicariant distributions are readily explained by climatological rather than by tectonical considerations. The ranges of some closely related taxa indicate that they have different capacities of dispersal.

When compared to pelagic Rotifera, littoral Lecane exhibit a relatively wide variety of distribution patterns, and relatively many have restricted distributions. This may be a consequence of, either or both, their lower abundance, or be related to the littoral habitat which, being less predictable, implies more specific adaptations. Lecane is tropic-centred, which may be a consequence of avoidance of competition and/or predation by ‘Cladocera’ and, eventually, Ostracoda.

The most striking feature in rotifer chorology is the large range of many morphospecies. As such, the group's biogeography is more similar to that of freshwater algae than to that of other freshwater zooplankton. The likely explanations for this are the group's great ability for passive dispersal, combined with a short life-cycle and high fecundity, which are consequences of their parthenogenetic reproduction. So, relatively recent long-distance dispersal defines the ranges of the morphospecies. Vicariance plays a role in the distribution of Rotifera, but its importance is generally subordinate to that of dispersal. However, insufficient taxonomic resolution may be responsible for the apparently large ranges of some morphospecies.

Key words

freshwater zooplankton biogeography Rotifera Lecane 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahlstrom, E. H., 1938. Rotatoria of Florida. Trans. am. Microsc. soc. 53: 251–266.Google Scholar
  2. Ahlstrom, E. H., 1940. A revision of the rotatorian genera Brachionus and Platyias with descriptions of one new species and two new varieties. Bull. am. Mus. nat. Hist. 77: 143–184.Google Scholar
  3. Ahlstrom, E. H., 1943. A revision of the rotatorian genus Keratella with description of three new species and five new varieties. Bull. am. Mus. nat. Hist. 80: 411–457.Google Scholar
  4. Arnemo, R., B. Bērziņš, B. Grönberg & I. Mellgren, 1968. The dispersal in Swedish waters of Kellicottia bostoniensis (Rousselet). (Rotatoria). Oikos 19: 351–38.Google Scholar
  5. Atkinson, K. M., 1972. Birds as transporters of algae. Br. phycol. J. 7: 319–321.Google Scholar
  6. Atkinson, K. M., 1981. Experiments in dispersal of phytoplankton by ducks. Br. phycol. J. 15: 49–58.Google Scholar
  7. Ball, I. R., 1976. Nature and formulation of biogeographical hypothesis. Syst. Zool. 24: 407–430.Google Scholar
  8. Balvay, G., 1994. First record of the rotifer Kellicottia bostoniensis (Rousselet, 1908) in France. J. Plankton Res. 16: 1071–1074.Google Scholar
  9. Battistoni, P. A., 1992. Cinco especies del genera Notholca Gosse, 1886 (Rotatoria) de la Argentina, incluyendo N. guidoi sp.n. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 73: 35–45.Google Scholar
  10. Beauchamp, P., de, 1907. Description de trois Rotifères nouveaux de la faune française. Bull. Soc. zool. Fr. 32: 148–157.Google Scholar
  11. Bērziņš, B., 1982. Zur Kenntnis tier Rotatorienfauna von Madagascar. AV- centralen i Lund, April 1982, 24 pp., 12 plates.Google Scholar
  12. Bērziņš, B. & B. Pejler, 1989. Rotifer occurrence in relation to temperature. Hydrobiologia 175: 223–231.Google Scholar
  13. Brown, R. M., Jr., D. A. Larson & H. C. Bold, 1964. Airborne algae: their abundance and heterogeneity. Science 143: 583–585.Google Scholar
  14. Brundin, L., 1966. Transantarctic relationships and their significance as evidenced by midges. K. svenska. Vetensk. Akad. Handl. 4: 1–472.Google Scholar
  15. Brundin, L., 1981. Croizat's biogeography versus phylogenetic biogeography. In: Vicatiance biogeography: a critique. (G. Nelson & D. E. Rosen eds): 94–158.Google Scholar
  16. Chengalath, R. & W. Koste, 1987. Rotifera from Northwestern Canada. Hydrobiologia 147 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 42): 49–56.Google Scholar
  17. Chengalath, R. & W. Koste, 1989. Composition and distributional patterns in arctic rotifers. Hydrobiologia 186/187 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 52): 191–200.Google Scholar
  18. Coesel, P. F. M., S. R. Duque & G. Arango, 1988. Distribution patterns in some neotropical desmid species (Algae, Chlorophyta) in relation to migratory bird routes. Rev. Hydrobiol. trop. 21: 197–205.Google Scholar
  19. Conde-Porcuna, J. M., R. Morales-Bacquero & L. Cruz-Pizarro, 1994. Effect of Daphnia longispina on rotifer populations in a natural environment: relative importance of food limitation and interference competition. J. Plankton Res. 16: 691–706.Google Scholar
  20. Cox, C. B. & P. D. Moore, 1993. Biogeography: an ecological and evolutionary approach. 5th edn. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 326 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Darlington, P. J., 1957. Zoogeography: the geographical distribution of animals. John Wiley & Sons, 675 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Dartnall, H. J. G. & E. D. Hollowday, 1985. Antarctic rotifers. Sci. Rep. Brit. Antarctic Surv., British Antarctic Surve, Cambridge. 100: 46 pp.Google Scholar
  23. De Ridder, M., 1981a. Some considerations on the geographical distribution of rotifers. Hydrobiologia 85: 209–225.Google Scholar
  24. De Ridder, M., 1981b. Rotifera. In: Hydrobiological survey of the lake Bangweulu, Luapula river Basin (J. J. Symoens ed.), vol. XI fasc. 4, 191 pp.Google Scholar
  25. De Ridder, M., 1987. Distribution of rotifers in African fresh and inland saline waters. Hydrobiologia 147 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 42): 9–14.Google Scholar
  26. De Smet, W. H. & J. M. Bafort, 1990. Rotifers from the Kilimanjaro. Biol. Jb. Dodonaea 58: 120–130.Google Scholar
  27. Dumont, H. J., 1979. Limnologie van Sahara en Sahel. Aggregaatsproefschrift R.U.G., 557 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Dumont, H. J., 1980a. Workshop on taxonomy and Biogeography. Hydrobiologia 73 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 1): 205–206.Google Scholar
  29. Dumont, H. J., 1980b. Zooplankton and the science of biogeography: the example of Africa. In: (W. C. Kerfoot ed.): Evolution and Ecology of Zooplankton Communities. Univ. Press of New England, Hanover: 685–696.Google Scholar
  30. Dumont, H. J., 1983. Biogeography of rotifers. Hydrobiologia 104 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 14): 19–30.Google Scholar
  31. Dumont, H. J., 1994a. The distribution and ecology of the fresh- and brackish-water medusae of the world. Hydrobiologia 272 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 92): 1–12.Google Scholar
  32. Dumont, H. J., 1994b. On the diversity of the Cladocera in the tropics. Hydrobiologia 272 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 92): 27–38.Google Scholar
  33. Dumont, H. J. & M. De Ridder, 1987. Rotifers from Turkey. Hydrobiologia 147 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 42): 65–73.Google Scholar
  34. Dussart, B. H. & D. Defaye, 1995. Copepoda 1: Introduction to the Copepoda. Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World 7. (H. J. Dumont ed.). SPB Academic Publishing BV, 277 pp.Google Scholar
  35. Dussart, B. H., C. H. Fernando, T. Matsumura-Tundisi & R. J. Shiel, 1984. A review of systematics, distribution and ecology of tropical freshwater zooplankton. Hydrobiologia 113 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 23): 77–91.Google Scholar
  36. Evens, F., 1947. Quelques Rotateurs nouveaux observés au Congo Belge. Revue Zool. Bot. afr. 40: 175–184.Google Scholar
  37. Fernando, C. H., 1980. The freshwater zooplankton of Sri Lanka, with a discussion of tropical freshwater zooplankton composition. Int. Revue ges. hydrobiol. 65: 85–125.Google Scholar
  38. Fernando, C. H., 1994. Zooplankton, fish and fisheries in tropical freshwaters. Hydrobiologia 272 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 92): 105–123.Google Scholar
  39. Fittkau, E. J., 1969. The fauna of South America. In: E. J. Fittkau, J. Illies, H. Klinge, G. H. Schwabe & H. Sioli (eds). Biogeography and ecology in South America. Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague: 624–658.Google Scholar
  40. Forey, P L., C. J. Humphries, I. J. Kitching, R. W. Scotland, D. J. Siebert & D. M. Williams, 1992. Cladistics: a practical course in systematics. The Systematics association publication no. 10, Oxford Science Publications, 191 pp.Google Scholar
  41. Frey, D. G.,1986. The non-cosmopolitanism of chydorid Cladocera: Implications for biogeography and evolution. In: K. L. Heck & H. R. Gore (eds). Crustacean Issues 4. Crustacean Biogeography. Rotterdam: 237–256.Google Scholar
  42. Frey, D. G., 1987. The taxonomy and biogeography of the Cladocera. Hydrobiologia 145 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 35): 5–17.Google Scholar
  43. Galindo, M. D., L. Serrano, H. Segers & N. Mazuelos, 1994. Lecane donyananensis n.sp. (Rotifera: Monogononta, Lecanidae) from the Doñana National Park (Spain). Hydrobiologia 284: 235–239.Google Scholar
  44. Gilbert, J. J., 1974. Dormancy in rotifers. Trans. am. Micr. Soc. 93: 490–413.Google Scholar
  45. Gilbert, J. J., 1988a. Susceptibilities of ten rotifer species to interference from Daphnia pulex. Ecology 69: 1826–1838.Google Scholar
  46. Gilbert, J. J., 1988b. Suppression of rotifer populations by Daphnia: A review of the evidence, the mechanisms, and the effects on zooplankton community structure. Limnol. Oceanogr. 33: 1286–1303.Google Scholar
  47. Green, J., 1972. Latitudinal variation in associations of planktonic Rotifera. J. Zool., Lond. 167: 31–39.Google Scholar
  48. Green, J., 1987. Keratella cochlearis (Gosse) in Africa. Hydrobiologia 147 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 42): 3–8.Google Scholar
  49. Green, J., 1990. Zooplankton associations in Zimbabwe. J. Zool., Lond. 222: 259–283.Google Scholar
  50. Green, J., 1994. The temperate-tropical gradient of planktonic Protozoa and Rotifera. Hydrobiologia 272 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 92): 13–26.Google Scholar
  51. Green, J. & S. Mengistou, 1991. Specific diversity and community structure of Rotifera in a salinity series of Ethiopian inland Waters. Hydrobiologia 209: 95–106.Google Scholar
  52. Harring, H. K. & J. F. Myers, 1926. The rotifer fauna of Wisconsin. III. A revision of the genera Lecane and Monostyla. Trans. Wisc. Acad. Sci., Arts Letters 22: 315–423.Google Scholar
  53. Harring, H. K. & J. F. Myers, 1928. The rotifer fauna of Wisconsin. IV the Dicranophorinae. Trans. Wisc. Acad. Sci., Arts Letters 23: 667–808.Google Scholar
  54. Hauer, J., 1937. Die Rotatorien von Sumatra, Java und Bali nach den Ergebnissen der Deutschen Limnologischen Sunda-Expedition. Teil I. Arch. Hydrobiol., suppl. Bd. XV (2): 296–384.Google Scholar
  55. Hauer, J., 1938. Die Rotatorien von Sumatra, Java und Bali nach den Ergebnissen der Deutschen Limnologischen Sunda-Expedition. Teil II. Arch. Hydrobiol., suppl. Bd. XV (3): 507–602.Google Scholar
  56. Hofsten, N., von, 1909. Rotatorien aus dem Mästermyr (Gottland) und einigen anderen schwedischen Binnengewässern. Ark. Zool. Stockholm 6 no. 1.Google Scholar
  57. Jamieson, C. D., 1980. The predatory feeding of copepodid stages II to adult Mesocyclops leuckarti (Claus). In: W. C. Kerfoot (ed.) Evolution and Ecology of Zooplankton Communities. Univ. Press New England, Hanover: 518–537.Google Scholar
  58. Jennings, H. S., 1900. Rotatoria of the United States, with especial reference to those of the Great Lakes. U.S. Fish Commission Bull., for 1899: 67–104.Google Scholar
  59. Kerfoot, W. C. & M. Lynch, 1987. Branchiopod Communities: Associations with planktivorous fish in space and time. In: W. C. Kerfoot & A. Sih (eds). Predation, direct and indirect impacts on aquatic communities. Univ. Press New England 1987, Hanover: 367–378.Google Scholar
  60. King, C. E., 1977. Genetics of reproduction, variation and adaptation in Rotifers. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. 8: 187–201.Google Scholar
  61. King, C. E., 1980. The genetic structure of zooplankton populations. In: W. C. Kerfoot (ed.). Evolution and ecology of zooplankton communities. Special symp. volume 3, Am. Soc. Limnol. & Oceanogr., Univ. Press of New England, Hanover: 315–328.Google Scholar
  62. Koste, W., 1978. Rotatoria. Die Rädertiere Mitteleuropas. Borntraeger, Berlin, 2 vols: 673 pp., 234 plates.Google Scholar
  63. Koste, W., 1979. New Rotifera from the River Murray, South-eastern Australia, with a Review of the Australian Species of Brachionus and Keratella. Aust. J. mar. Freshwat. Res. 30: 237–253.Google Scholar
  64. Koste, W. & R. J. Shiel, 1980. New Rotifers from Australia. Trans. r. Soc. S. Aust. 104: 133–144.Google Scholar
  65. Koste, W. & R. J. Shiel, 1987. Rotifers from Australian inland waters. II. Epiphanidae and Brachionidae. (Rotifers: Monogononta). Invert. Taxon. 1: 949–1021.Google Scholar
  66. Koste, W. & R. J. Shiel, 1989. Classical taxonomy and modern methodology. Hydrobiologia 186/187 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 52): 279–284.Google Scholar
  67. Koste, W. & R. J. Shiel, 1990. Rotifers from Australian inland waters. V Lecanidae (Rotifers: Monogononta). Trans. r. Soc. S. Aust. 114: 1–36.Google Scholar
  68. Koste, W., R. J. Shiel & M. A. Brock, 1983. Rotifers from Western Australian wetlands with description of two new species. Hydrobiologia 104 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 14): 9–17.Google Scholar
  69. Koste, W., R. J. Shiel & L. W. Tan, 1988. New rotifers (Rotatoria) from Tasmania. Trans. r. Soc. S. Aust. 112: 119–131.Google Scholar
  70. Kutikova, L. A., 1970. Kolovratki Fauna SSSR [The rotifer fauna of the USSR]. Fauna SSSR 104, Academia Nauk, 744 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  71. Lair, N., 1980. The rotifer fauna of the river Loire (France), at the level of the nuclear power plants. Hydrobiologia 73 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 1): 153–160.Google Scholar
  72. Lazarro, X., 1987. A review of planktivorous fishes: Their evolution, feeding behaviour, selectivities, and impacts. Hydrobiologia 146: 97–167.Google Scholar
  73. Leentvaar, P., 1980. Note on some Brachionidae (rotifers) from the Netherlands. Hydrobiologia 73 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 1): 259–262.Google Scholar
  74. Lewis, M. H., 1984. Biogeographical trends within the freshwater Canthocampidae (Harpacticoida). In: G. Schriever, H. K. Schminke & C.-t. Shih (eds). Proc. IInd Int. Conf. on Copepoda, Ottawa, Canada. Syllogeus 58: 115–125.Google Scholar
  75. MacIsaac, H. J. & J. J. Gilbert, 1989. Competition between rotifers and cladocerans of different body sizes. Oecologia 81: 295–305.Google Scholar
  76. MacIsaac, H. J. & J. J. Gilbert, 1991. Discrimination between exploitative and interference competition between Cladocera and Keratella cochlearis. Ecology 72: 924–937.Google Scholar
  77. May, L., 1987. Effect of incubation temperature on the hatching of rotifer resting eggs collected from sediments. Hydrobiologia 147 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 42): 335–338.Google Scholar
  78. Moreno, L., H. Garcia, L. Pacheco, H. Segers & A. Infante, 1992. Rotifers (Monogononta) of Nicaragua. Acta Cient. Venez. 43: 243–247.Google Scholar
  79. Myers, F. J., 1942. The rotatorian fauna of the Pocono Plateau and environs. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 94: 251–285.Google Scholar
  80. Nipkow, F., 1961. Die Rädertiere im Plankton des Zürichsees und einiger anderer Schweizer Seen. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 23: 398–461.Google Scholar
  81. Nogrady, T., R. L. Wallace & T. W. Snell, 1993. Rotifers 1. Biology, Ecology and Systematics. Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World (T. Nogrady & H. J. Dumont eds). SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, 142 pp.Google Scholar
  82. Pax, F. & K. Wulfert, 1941. Die Rotatorien deutscher Schwefelquellen and Thermen. Arch. Hydrobiol. 38: 165–213.Google Scholar
  83. Pejler, B., 1977a. General problems on rotifer taxonomy and global distribution. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. 8: 212–220.Google Scholar
  84. Pejler, B., 1977b. On the global distribution of the family Brachionidae (Rotatoria). Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 53: 255–306.Google Scholar
  85. Pejler, B. & B. Bērziņš, 1993. On the ecology of Cephalodella (Rotifers). Hydrobiologia 259: 125–128.Google Scholar
  86. Pejler, B. & B. Bērziņš, 1994. On the ecology of Lecane (Rotifers). Hydrobiologia 273: 77–80.Google Scholar
  87. Platnick, N. I., 1991. Patterns of biodiversity: tropical versus temperate. J. nat. Hist. 25: 1083–1088.Google Scholar
  88. Platnick, N. I. & G. J. Nelson, 1978. A method of analysis for historical biogeography. Syst. Zool. 27: 337–343.Google Scholar
  89. Pourriot, R., 1965. Recherches sur l'ecologie des Rotifères. Vie et Milieu (Suppl.) 21: 1–224.Google Scholar
  90. Pourriot, R., 1980. Rotifères. In: J. R. Durand & C. Leveque (eds): Flora et faune aquatiques de l'Afrique Sahelo-soudanienne 1. Initiat. Doc. Techn. off. Rech. Sci. Tech. Outre-Mer 44: 219–244.Google Scholar
  91. Pourriot, R. & T. Snell, 1983. Resting eggs in rotifers. Hydrobiologia 104: 213–224.Google Scholar
  92. Proctor, V. W., 1966. Dispersal of desmids by waterbirds. Phycologia 5: 227–232.Google Scholar
  93. Proctor, V. W., C. R. Malone & V. L. Devlaming, 1967. Dispersal of aquatic organisms: viability of disseminules recovered from the intestinal tract of captive Killdeer. Ecology 48: 672–676.Google Scholar
  94. Ricci, C. N., 1987. Ecology of bdelloids: how to be successful. Hydrobiologia 147 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 42): 117–127.Google Scholar
  95. Roche, K. F., 1987. Post-encounter vulnerability of some rotifer prey types to predation by the copepod Acanthocyclops robustus. Hydrobiologia 147 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 42): 229–233.Google Scholar
  96. Rosen, D. E., 1978. Vicariant patterns and historical explanations in biogeography. Syst. Zool. 27: 431–464.Google Scholar
  97. Rosen, D. E., 1979. Fishes from the uplands and intermontane basins of Guatemala: revisionary studies and comparative geography. Bull. am. Mus. nat. Hist. 162: 267–376.Google Scholar
  98. Round, F. E., 1981. The ecology of algea. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 653 pp.Google Scholar
  99. Rousselet, C. F., 1909. On the geographical distribution of the Rotifera. J. Queket microsc. Club ser. 2, 10: 465–470.Google Scholar
  100. Rudescu, L., 1960. Rotatoria. Fauna Rep. Pop. Rom., Trochelminthes. II. Acad. R.P.R., 1192 pp.Google Scholar
  101. Russell, C. R., 1953. Some Rotatoria from the Chatham Islands. Rec. Cant. Mus. 6: 237–244.Google Scholar
  102. Ruttner-Kolisko, A., 1989. Problems in the taxonomy of rotifers, exemplified by the Filinia longiseta-terminalis complex. Hydrobiologia 186/187 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 52): 291–298.Google Scholar
  103. Sanoamuang, L., H. Segers & H. J. Dumont, 1995. Additions to the rotifer fauna of South-East Asia: new and rare species from North-East Thailand. Proc. VIIth Int. Rotifer Symposium, Mikolajki, Poland. Hydrobiologia 313/314 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 109): 34–45.Google Scholar
  104. Sanoamuang, L. & V. M. Stout, 1993. New records of rotifers from the South Island lakes, New Zealand. Hydrobiologia 255/256 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 83): 481–490.Google Scholar
  105. Schuster, R. M., 1983. Phytogeography of the Bryophyta. In: R. M. Schuster (ed.): New Manual of Bryology 1. Nichinan Hattori Botanical Laboratory: 463–626.Google Scholar
  106. Schwenk, K., 1993. Interspecific hybridization in Daphnia: Distinction and origin of hybrid matrilines. Mol. Biol. Evol. 10: 1289–1302.Google Scholar
  107. Segers, H., 1992. Taxonomy and Zoogeography of the rotifer fauna of Madagascar and the Comoros. J. Afr. Zool. 106: 351–361.Google Scholar
  108. Segers, H., 1993. Rotifera of some lakes in the floodplain of the River Niger (Imo State, Nigeria). I. New species and other taxonomic considerations. Hydrobiologia 250: 39–61.Google Scholar
  109. Segers, H., 1994a. On four new tropical and subtropical species of Lecane (Lecanidae, Monogononta, Rotifera). Hydrobiologia 287: 243–249.Google Scholar
  110. Segers, H., 1994b. Redescription of Lecane fadeevi (NeiswestnowaSchadina, 1935) (Rotifers, Lecanidae). Bull. kon. belg. Inst. nat. wet., Biol. 64: 235–238.Google Scholar
  111. Segers, H., 1995a. Rotifera 2: The Lecanidae (Monogononta). Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World 6. (H. J. Dumont & T. Nogrady eds). SPB Academic Publishing BV, 226 pp.Google Scholar
  112. Segers, H., 1995b. A reappraisal of the Scaridiidae (Rotifers: Monogononta). Zool. Scr. 24: 91–100.Google Scholar
  113. Segers, H., 1995c. Nomenclatural consequences of some recent studies on Brachionus plicatilis (Rotifers, Brachionidae). Hydrobiologia 313/314 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 109): 121–122.Google Scholar
  114. Segers, H., 1995d. World records of Lecanidae (Rotifers: Monogononta). Werkdocumenten van het K.B.I.N. 81, in press.Google Scholar
  115. Segers, H., A. O. Ajayi, G. Y. Chiambeng, H. P. Chuah, M. Del Castillo, M. G. Directo, M. Luzuriaga de Cruz, L. Moreno, A. L. Oliveira-Neto & Y. Remaning Widyastuti, 1991. Fourteen Rotifer species new to the Belgian fauna, with nomenclatorial and taxonomical remarks on some Squatinella-species. Belg. J. Zool. 121: 193–201.Google Scholar
  116. Segers, H. & L. De Meester, 1994. The Rotifera of Papua New Guinea, with the description of a new Scaridium Ehrenberg, 1830. Arch. Hydrobiol. 131: 111–125.Google Scholar
  117. Segers, H. & H. J. Dumont, 1993a. Rotifers from Arabia, with descriptions of two new species. Fauna of Saudi-Arabia 13: 3–26.Google Scholar
  118. Segers, H. & H. J. Dumont, 1993b. Zoogeography of pacific ocean islands: a comparative study of the Rotifer faunas of Easter Island with that of the Galápagos archipelago. Proceedings of the VIth International Rotifer symp., Hydrobiologia 255/256 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 83): 475–480.Google Scholar
  119. Segers, H. & H. J. Dumont, 1995. 102+ rotifer species (Rotifers: Monogononta) in Broa reservoir (SP, Brazil), on 26 August 1994, with descriptions of three new species. Hydrobiologia 316: 183–197.Google Scholar
  120. Segers, H., N. Emir & J. Mertens, 1992. Rotifera from north and north-east Anatolia (Turkey). Hydrobiologia, 245: 179–189.Google Scholar
  121. Segers, H., D. K. Mbogo & H. J. Dumont, 1994a. New Rotifera from Kenya, with a revision of the Ituridae. Zool. J. linn. Soc. 110: 193–206.Google Scholar
  122. Segers, H., L. Meneses & M. Del Castillo, 1994b. Rotifera (Monogononta) from Lake Kothia, a high-altitude lake in the Bolivian Andes. Arch. Hydrobiol. 132: 227–236.Google Scholar
  123. Segers, H., C. S. Nwadiaro & H. J. Dumont, 1993a. Rotifera of some lakes on the floodplain of the River Niger (Imo State, Nigeria). II. faunal composition and diversity. Hydrobiologia 250: 63–71.Google Scholar
  124. Segers, H. & L. Sanoamuang, 1994. Two more new species of Lecane (Rotifaa: Monogononta), from Thailand. Belg. J. Zool. 124: 39–46.Google Scholar
  125. Segers, H., E. N. dos Santos-Silva & A. L. de Oliveira-Neto, 1993b. New and rare species of Lecane and Lepadella (Rotifers: Lecanidae; Colurellidae) from Brazil. Belg. J. Zool. 123: 113–121.Google Scholar
  126. Segers, H. & S. S. S. Sarma, 1994. Notes on some new or little known Rotifera from Brazil. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 26: 175–185 (1993).Google Scholar
  127. Segers, H., S. S. S. Sarma, F. K. Kakkasery & C. K. G. Nayar, 1994c. New records of Rotifera from India. Hydrobiologia 287: 251–258.Google Scholar
  128. Shiel, R. J., 1981. Planktonic Rotifera of the Murray-Darling river system, Australia: endemism and polymorphism. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 21: 1523–1530.Google Scholar
  129. Shiel, R. J. & W. Koste, 1979. Rotifera recorded from Australia. Trans. r. Soc. S. Aust. 103: 57–68.Google Scholar
  130. Shiel, R. J. & W. Koste, 1985. New species and new records of Rotifera (Aschelminthes) from Australian waters. Trans. r. Soc. S. Aust. 109: 1–15.Google Scholar
  131. Shiel, R. J. & W. Koste, 1986. Australian Rotifera: Ecology and Biogeography. In: P. De Deckker & W. D. Williams (eds), Limnology in Australia. CSIRO/Junk, Melbourne, Dordrecht: 141–150.Google Scholar
  132. Snell, T., 1977. Clonal selection: competition among clones. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. 8: 202–204.Google Scholar
  133. Snell, T., 1989. Systematics, reproductive isolation and species boundaries in monogonont rotifers. Hydrobiologia 186/187 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 52): 299–310.Google Scholar
  134. Southcott, R. V. & R. L. Lange, 1971. Acarine and other microfossils from the Maslin Eocene, South Australian. Rec. S. Aust. Mus. 16: 1–21.Google Scholar
  135. Sørensen, T., 1948. A method of establishing groups of equivalent amplitude in plant sociology based on the similarity of the vegetation on Danish commons. Biol. skr. 5: 1–34.Google Scholar
  136. Stemberger, R. S., 1985. Prey selection by the copepod Diacyclops thomasi. Oecologia 65: 492–497.Google Scholar
  137. Sudzuki, M., 1992. Seasonal and Local Occurrences of the Rotifera in Southwestern Islands of Japan. With lists and notes on other microscopic leading animals. Proc. Japan. Soc. Syst. Zool. 46: 29–70.Google Scholar
  138. Taylor, D. J. & P D. N. Hebert, 1992. Daphnia galeata mendotae as a cryptic species complex with interspecific hybrids. Limnol. Oceanogr. 37: 658–665.Google Scholar
  139. Taylor, D. J. & P. D. N. Hebert, 1993. A reappraisal of phenotypic variation in Daphnia galeata mendotae: The role of interspecific hybridisation. Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 50: 2137–2146.Google Scholar
  140. Thomasson, K., 1960. Notes on the plankton of lake Bangweulu. Part 2. Nov. Act. Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., Ser. 4, 17: 1–43.Google Scholar
  141. Thomasson, K., 1965. Notes on algal vegetation of Lake Kariba. Nov. Act. Reg. Soc. Sc. upsal., Sec 4, 19: 1–34.Google Scholar
  142. Tibell, L. B., 1994. Distribution patterns and dispersal strategies of Caliciales. Bot. J. linn. Soc. 116: 159–202.Google Scholar
  143. Turner, P. N. & C. Da Silva, 1992. Littoral Rotifers from the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 27: 227–241.Google Scholar
  144. Wilkinson, L., 1990. SYSTAT: The system for statistics. Evanston, IL: Systat, Inc., 677 pp.Google Scholar
  145. Williamson, C. E., 1983. Invertebrate predation on planktonic rotifers. Hydrobiologia 104 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 14): 385–396.Google Scholar
  146. Wolf, H. G., 1987. Interspecific hybridization between Daphnia hyalina, D. galeata and D. cucullata and seasonal abundances of these species and their hybrids. Hydrobiologia 145 (Dev. Hydrobiol. 35): 213–217.Google Scholar
  147. Wolf, H. G. & M. A. Mort, 1986. Inter-specific hybridization underlies phenotypic variability in Daphnia populations. Oecologia (Berlin): 68: 507–511.Google Scholar
  148. Wulfert, K., 1966. Rädertiere aus dem Stausee Ajwa und der Trinkwasser-Ausbereitung der Stadt Baroda (Indien). Limnologica 4: 53–95.Google Scholar
  149. Yamamoto, K., 1960. Plankton Rotatoria in Japanese Inland waters. Hydrobiologia 16: 364–411.Google Scholar
  150. Zoppi de Roa, E., W. Vasques, G. Colomine & M. J. Pardo, 1990. Composicion preliminar del zooplankton del Rio Churun (Auyantepuy, Venezuela). Memoria Soc. ciencias Nat. La Salle 49/50: 29–44.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hendrik Segers
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Animal Ecology, Zoogeography and Nature Conservation, Department M.S.E.University of GhentGentBelgium

Personalised recommendations