Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 78, Issue 2, pp 169–175 | Cite as

Drift of stream invertebrates below a cave source

  • Thomas F. Waters
Article

Abstract

Stream invertebrate drift below the cave source of South Branch Creek, Minnesota, generally increased rapidly. Ephemeroptera and Trichoptera increased rapidly and then decreased at the lower stations (to 430 m) below the cave. Chironomidae drift, in high numbers but low biomass because of their small size, increased fairly rapidly and leveled out at the lowermost stations. Gastropods increased slowly below the cave, reached a maximum, then decreased somewhat at the lowermost station. Drifting oligochaetes, small in size but in very large numbers, increased more slowly below the cave and appeared not to have reached a maximum at the lowermost station. It was concluded that, in general, drift increases fairly rapidly below the stream origin and fluctuates in the upper reaches, probably reflecting benthic population abundance and local ecological conditions, before attaining equilibria downstream, rather than increasing linearly due to cumulative effects.

Keywords

drift stream invertebrate drift cave stream karst topography 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bailey, R. G. 1966. Observations on the nature and importance of organic drift in a Devon river. Hydrobiologia 27: 353–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bishop, J. E. 1973. Limnology of a small Malayan river Sungai Gombak. W. Junk, Publishers, The Hague.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bishop, J. E. & Hynes, H. B. N. 1969. Downstream drift of the invertebrate fauna in a stream ecosystem. Arch. Hydrobiol. 66: 56–90.Google Scholar
  4. Bournaud, M. & Thibault, M. 1973. La dérive des organismes dans les eaux courantes. Ann. Hydrobiol. 4: 11–49.Google Scholar
  5. Chaston, I. 1972. Non-catastrophic invertebrate drift in lotic systems. In: Essays in Hydrobiology, R. B. Clark & R. J. Wootton (eds.), Univ. Exeter, Exeter, pp. 33–51.Google Scholar
  6. Clifford, H. F. 1972. A year's study of the drifting organisms in a brownwater stream of Alberta, Canada. Can. J. Zool. 50: 975–983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cowell, B. C. & Carew, W. C. 1976. Seasonal and diel periodicity in the drift of aquatic insects in a subtropical Florida stream. Freshwater Biol. 6: 587–594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dimond, J. B. 1967. Evidence that drift of stream benthos is density related. Ecology 48: 855–857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Elliott, J. M. 1967. Invertebrate drift in a Dartmoor stream. Arch. Hydrobiol. 63: 202–237.Google Scholar
  10. Elliott, J. M. 1971. The distances travelled by drifting invertebrates in a Lake District stream. Oecologia 6: 350–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hildebrand, S. G. 1974. The relation of drift to benthos density and food level in an artificial stream. Limnol. Oceanogr. 19: 951–957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McLay, C. 1970. A theory concerning the distance travelled by animals entering the drift of a stream. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 27: 359–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Müller, K. 1974. Stream drift as a chronobiological phenomenon in running water ecosystems. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 5: 309–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Neveu, A. & Échaubard, M. 1975. La dérive estivale des invertébrés aquatiques et terrestres dans un ruisseau du Massif-Central: la Couze Pavin. Ann. Hydrobiol. 6: 1–26.Google Scholar
  15. Pearson, W. D. & Kramer, R. H. 1972. Drift and production of two aquatic insects in a mountain stream. Ecol. Monogr. 42: 365–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Radford, D. S. & Hartland-Rowe, R. 1971. A preliminary investigation of bottom fauna and invertebrate drift in an unregulated and regulated stream in Alberta. J. Appl. Ecol. 8: 883–903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Waters, T. F. 1961. Standing crop and drift of stream bottom organisms. Ecology 42: 532–537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Waters, T. F. 1965. Interpretation of invertebrate drift in streams. Ecology 46: 327–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Waters, T. F. 1969. Invertebrate drift-ecology and significance to stream fishes. In: Symposium on salmon and trout in streams, T. G. Northcote (ed.), H. R. MacMillan Lectures in Fisheries, Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, pp. 121–134.Google Scholar
  20. Waters, T. F. 1972. The drift of stream insects. Annu. Rev. Ent. 17: 253–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Waters, T. F. & Hokenstrom, J. C. 1980. Annual production and drift of the stream amphipod, Gammarus pseudolimnaeus, in Valley Creek, Minnesota. Limnol. Oceanogr. 25: 700–710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b.v. Publishers 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas F. Waters
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Entomology, Fisheries, and WildlifeUniversity of MinnesotaSt. Paul

Personalised recommendations