, Volume 153, Issue 3, pp 241–247 | Cite as

A vacuum benthos sampler suitable for diverse habitats

  • A. V. Brown
  • M. D. Schram
  • P. P. Brussock


The vacuum benthos sampler consists of a vacuum chamber equipped with a collecting net connected to the intake of a 12 volt pump, a battery, and a standpipe. Contents of the standpipe are vacuumed while substrate is removed and washed with the exhaust hose. The vacuum chamber is designed for rapid changing of nets during replicate sampling. This sampler is equally efficient in flowing and standing water. It was more effective than a modified Hess sampler for collecting a large variety of benthos from flowing (ca 0.25–0.75 m/s) riffles. Required operation time is variable, but 93% of invertebrates caught in 10 min were captured in the first 5 min during our tests, and there was a 94% mean recovery of released organisms during 10 min of subsequent operation. Advantages over previous suction samplers include interception of organisms before they pass through a pump, return of outlet water to the standpipe, capability of sampling in shallow (20–30 mm) water, and that it can be carried and operated by one person.

Key words

benthos sampler quantitative vacuum macroinvertebrates Hess streams 


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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Brown
    • 1
  • M. D. Schram
    • 1
  • P. P. Brussock
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoology DepartmentUniversity of ArkansasArkansasUSA

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