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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 287, Issue 1, pp 65–75 | Cite as

Distribution patterns of some subterranean Crustacea in the territory of the former Yugoslavia

  • Boris Sket
Article

Abstract

A selection of the most representative distribution patterns of stygobiont animals is presented. The range of a genus may extend beyond the Dinaride karst, while some species exhibit a holo-Dinaric distribution. The mero-Dinaric distribution is organised in two vicarious centres (in the NW and SE) as well as an epilittoral and a paralittoral belt. The paralittoral distribution is a result of paleogeographic rather than present-day ecological conditions. Important differences between the interstitial faunas of Slovenia (and NE Italy) and Macedonia are probably the result of their different sources. Some other distribution patterns are discussed or summarized from the existing literature. The distribution patterns of this stygobiont fauna are extremely diverse, and are influenced by the geological complexity of the territory as well as by the richness of the fauna concerned. New distribution data for some Copepoda, Thermosbaenacea, and Amphipoda are appended.

Key words

Crustacea subterranean waters biogeography biospeleology 

Izvleček

Predstavljen je izbor najznačilnejših vzorcev razširjenosti stigobiontskih živali. Areal rodu lahko vključuje več kot le Dinarski kras, holodinarsko razširjenost pa že kažejo posamezne vrste. Merodinarska razširjenost izhaja iz dveh centrov (na SZ in na JV) ali pa je epilitoralna ali paralitoralna. Paralitoralna razširjenost je vezana na paleogeografske in ne na današnje ekološke razmere. Pomembne razlike med intersticialnima favnama Slovenije (in SV Italije) in Makedonije so verjetno posledica njunega različnega izvora. Obravnavani ali pa povzeti iz obstoječih razprav so še nekateri vzorci razširjenosti. Vzorci razširjenosti tukajšnje stigobiontske favne so izredno raznoliki, kar je posledica geološke pestrosti ozemlja, kot tudi izrednega bogastva favne. Dodani so novi podatki o razširjenosti nekaterih kopepodov, termosbenacejev in amfipodov.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boris Sket
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Biotechnical FacultyUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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