Hydrobiologia

, Volume 102, Issue 2, pp 81–88 | Cite as

Heavy metal indicator potential of the Asiatic clam (Corbicula fluminea) in artificial stream systems

  • Robert L. GraneyJr.
  • Donald S. Cherry
  • John CairnsJr.
Article

Abstract

The potential of the Asiatic clam, Corbicula fluminea, as a bioindicator of cadmium, copper, and zinc was studied during 28-day exposures in field artificial streams receiving river water on a once-through basis. Copper, at aquatic concentrations of 0.016 and 0.057 mg l-1, showed the greatest degree of tissue uptake and had bioconcentration factors (BCF) of 22 571 and 17 720, respectively. A significant correlation (coefficient = 0.639) was observed between water concentration and tissue accumulation. Cadmium was intermediate relative to BCF (3 770 and 1 752 at aquatic exposures of 0.023 and 0.055 mg l-1, respectively), and had a correlation coefficient of 0.758. Zinc had the lowest potential for concentration (631, 358, and 511 BCF at 0.218, 0.433, and 0.835 mg l-1, respectively) with a correlation coefficient of 0.478. The rate of accumulation in Corbicula reached a maximum after 11 days for cadmium while a steady state condition for copper was not observed in 28 days. Zinc accumulation, like copper, showed a relative increase throughout the 28-day exposure period. Data from this study show that the Asiatic clam may be a reliable indicator of uptake for exposure to selected heavy metals.

Keywords

heavy metals bioaccumulation Asiatic clam (Corbicula flumineaartificial streams 

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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. GraneyJr.
    • 1
  • Donald S. Cherry
    • 1
  • John CairnsJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology Department and University Center for Environmental StudiesViriginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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