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Induction of fast-growing and morphologically different strains through intergeneric protoplast fusions of Ulva and Enteromorpha (Ulvales, Chlorophyta)

  • C. R. K. Reddy
  • M. Iima
  • Y. Fujita
Article

Abstract

Isolated protoplasts of Ulva pertusa and Enteromorpha prolifera were electrically fused. Treatment of protoplasts in 1% protease for 15–20 min prior to fusion enhanced fusion ability. Protoplasts from each fusion partner were mixed together in 1:1 ratio in low conductivity electrofusion solution at a density of 1 × 105 cells ml−1 before subjecting them to electrofusion. The protoplasts were aligned in AC field (1MHz, 25 V for 10–15 s) and subsequently fused by a high intensity single DC pulse of 250 V for 25 μs duration. Fusion buffer supplemented with 1 mM calcium and 1 mM magnesium yielded optimum fusion frequencies (about 18–24%). Entrapment of fusion treated cells inside agarose/agar plate facilitated marking and regeneration of fusion products. The regeneration patterns of fused protoplasts were similar to normal (unfused) protoplast development. Most of the regenerated plants from fusion products had a thallus similar to either U. pertusa type or E. prolifera type. Although some of the plants of the former were morphologically similar to U. pertusa, but most had a higher growth rate (1.9 to 1.5 times) than U. pertusa. Furthermore the thallus of some plants had a characteristic irregular and dentate margin, which was never observed in the parental type.

Key words

Ulva Enteromorpha protoplasts electrofusion intergeneric fusion regeneration 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. R. K. Reddy
    • 1
  • M. Iima
    • 2
  • Y. Fujita
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Marine Science and EngineeringNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan
  2. 2.Laboratory of Algal Cultivation, Faculty of FisheriesNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan

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