Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 219–226

Function and structure in the paired fins of scorpaeniform fishes

  • William A. Gosline
Article

Synopsis

The paired fins of the basic, ancestral type of free-swimming acanthopterygian teleost serve primarily in guiding the forward course of movement and in maneuvering within the water column. In various scorpaeniform fishes the paired fins have taken on a number of other functions associated with a bottom-living mode of life. Among these are: defense against predation, probing for food items, propping the forward part of the body away from the bottom, progressing over it, digging into it, and the development of a suction disc for attachment to it. The relationship between these developments and paired-fin structure is the subject of the paper.

Key words

Pectoral fin Pelvic fin Teleosts 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Able, K.W. & J.A. Musick. 1976. Life history, ecology, and behavior of Liparis inquilinus (Pisces: Cyclopteridae) associated with the sea scallop, Placopecten magellanicus. U.S. Mar. Fish. Serv. Bull. 74: 409–421.Google Scholar
  2. Andriashev, A.P. 1993. On the quadrupedal mode of locomotion of the Kerguelen congiopodid fish Zanclorhynchus spinifer (Scorpaeniformes, Congiopodidae). Zool. Zhurn. 72 (9): 130–136. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  3. Bardach, J.E. & J. Case. 1965. Sensory capabilities of the modified fins of squirrel hake (Urophycis chuss) and sea robins (Prionotus carolinus) and (P. evolans). Copeia 1965: 194–206.Google Scholar
  4. Breder, C.M. 1963. Defensive behavior and venom in Scorpaena and Dactylopterus. Copeia 1963: 698–700.Google Scholar
  5. Clemens, W.A. & G.V. Wilby. 1946. Fishes of the Pacific Coast of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 68: 1–368.Google Scholar
  6. Eschmeyer, W.N., L.E. Hallecher & K.V. Rama-Rao. 1979a. The scorpionfish genus Minous (Scorpaenidae, Minoinae) including a new species from the Indian Ocean. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 41: 453–473.Google Scholar
  7. Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald & H. Hammann. 1983. A field guide to Pacific Coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 336 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Eschmeyer, W.N., K.V. Rama-Rao & L.E. Hallacher. 1979b. Fishes of the scorpionfish subfamily Choridactylinae from the Western Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 41: 475–500.Google Scholar
  9. Grenholm, A. 1923. Die Flossenmuskulatur der Teliostier. Uppsala Univ. Arsskr., Math. Naturvetensk. 2: 1–296.Google Scholar
  10. Hallacher, L.E. & D.A. Roberts. 1985. Differential utilization of space and food by inshore rockfishes (Scorpaenidae: Sebastes) of Carmel Bay, California. Env. Biol. Fish. 12: 91–110.Google Scholar
  11. Kido, J. 1988. Phylogeny of the family Liparididae, with the taxonomy of the species found around Japan. Mem. Fac. Fish., Hokkaido Univ. 35: 125–256.Google Scholar
  12. Longley, W.H. & S.F. Hildebrand. 1941. Systematic catalogue of the fishes of Tortugas, Florida. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. 535: 1–311.Google Scholar
  13. Matsubara, K. 1943. Studies on the scorpaenoid fishes of Japan. Res. Inst. Nat. Resources (Tokyo) 1, 2: 1–486.Google Scholar
  14. Morrill, A.D. 1895. The pectoral appendages of Prionotus and their innervation. J. Morph. 11: 177–192.Google Scholar
  15. Sakurai, Y. & K. Kido. 1992. Feeding behavior of Careproctus rastrinus (Liparididae) in captivity. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 39: 110–113.Google Scholar
  16. Samuel, C.T. 1961. The ambulatory mechanism in Choridactylus multibarbatus Richardson. Bull. Centr. Res. Inst. Univ. Kerala 8: 79–84.Google Scholar
  17. Starks, E.C. 1930. The primary shoulder girdle of the bony fishes. Stanford Univ. Publ Biol. Sci. 6: 149–239.Google Scholar
  18. Yabe, M. 1985. Comparative osteology and myology of the superfamily Cottoidea (Pisces: Scorpaeniformes), and its phylogenetic classification. Mem. Fac. Fish., Hokkaido Univ. 32: 1–130.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • William A. Gosline
    • 1
  1. 1.Museum of ZoologyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations