Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 23, Issue 1–2, pp 115–126

Aphanius vladykovi, a new species of tooth-carp from the Zagros Mountains of Iran (Osteichthyes: Cyprinodontidae)

  • Brian W. Coad
Full paper


A new species of tooth-carp, Aphanius vladykovi, is described from the Zagros Mountains of Iran. The new species is uniquely characterised by a high count of lateral line scales and by different pigmentation patterns from its closest, putative relative A. sophiae. It also possesses several meristic and morphometric differences with topotypic A. sophiae. It became separated from a common ancestor with A. sophiae by orogenic events which led to the formation of the Zagros Mountains and the isolation of the upper reaches of the Karun River basin by the development of tangs, narrow passes through the mountains with high water flow and steep gradient which prevent gene flow between lowland and mountain populations of these small fishes.

Key words

Orogenic events Isolation Pupfish Taxonomy 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Berg, L.S. 1949. Freshwater fishes of Iran and adjacent countries. Trudy Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 8: 783–858.Google Scholar
  2. Coad, B.W. 1980. A re-description of Aphanius ginaonis (Holly, 1929) from southern Iran (Osteichthyes: Cyprinodontiformes). J. Nat. Hist. 14: 33–40.Google Scholar
  3. Coad, B.W. 1987. Zoogeography of the freshwater fishes of Iran. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, Reihe A (Naturwissenschaften), Wiesbaden, 28: 213–228.Google Scholar
  4. Goren, M. & E.M. Rychwalski. 1978. Hybrids of Aphanius dispar and Aphanius mento (Cyprinodontidae: Pisces). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 63: 259–264.Google Scholar
  5. Hubbs, C.L. & K.F. Lagler. 1958. Fishes of the Great Lakes Region. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. xv + 213 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Jenkins, J.T. 1910. Notes on fish from India and Persia, with descriptions of new species. I. — On a collection of fishes made by W.T. Blanford in 1872 in Persia and Baluchistan. Rec. Indian Mus. 5: 123–128.Google Scholar
  7. Kosswig, C. 1955. Zoogeography of the Near East. Syst. Zool. 4: 49–73, 96.Google Scholar
  8. Kosswig, C. 1961. Speciation in the earlier Central Anatolian Lake Basin. pp. 561–593. In: W.F. Blair (ed.) Vertebrate Speciation, A University of Texas Symposium, University of Texas Press, Austin.Google Scholar
  9. Kosswig, C. 1964. Problems of polymorphism in fishes. Copeia 1964: 65–75.Google Scholar
  10. Kosswig, C. 1967. Tethys and its relation; to the peri-Mediterranean faunas of fresh-water fishes. pp. 313–324. In: C.G. Adams & D.V. Ager(ed.) Aspects of Tethyan Biogeography, Systematics Association Publication.Google Scholar
  11. Krupp, F. 1983. Freshwater fishes of Saudi Arabia and adjacent regions of the Arabian Peninsula. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 5: 568–636.Google Scholar
  12. Oberlander, T. 1965. The Zagros Streams. A new interpretation of transverse drainage in an orogenic zone. Syracuse Geographical Series 1: xii + 168 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Parenti, L.R. 1981. A phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of cyprinodontiform fishes (Teleostei, Atherinomorpha). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 168: 335–557.Google Scholar
  14. Priem, F. 1908. Poissons fossiles de Perse. pp. 1–25. In: J. de Morgan, Delegation en Perse, Ann. Mist. Nat. 1.Google Scholar
  15. Tortonese, E. 1986. Cyprinodontidae. pp. 623–626. In: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen & E. Tortonese (ed.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Vol. 2, Unesco, Paris.Google Scholar
  16. Villwock, W. 1964. Genetische Untersuchungen an altweltlichen Zahnkarpfen der Tribus Aphaniini (Pisces, Cyprinodontidae) nach Gesichtspunkten der Neuen Systematik. Z. zool. Syst. Evol. 2: 267–382.Google Scholar
  17. Villwock, W. 1970. Distribution, ecology and relationship of Near East and Mediterranean Cyprinodonts of the Genus Aphanius. Journées ichthyol., Rome, C.I.E.S.M.: 89–92.Google Scholar
  18. Villwock, W. 1982. Aphanius (Nardo, 1827) and Cyprinodon (Lac., 1803) (Pisces: Cyprinodontidae), an attempt for a genetic interpretation of speciation. Z. zool. Syst. Evol. 20: 187–197.Google Scholar
  19. Villwock, W. 1984. Curt Kosswigs ichthyologische Forschungen — ein Beitrag zur Faunengeschichte Anatoliens and zu Phanomenen der Evolution am Beispiel anatolischer Zahnkarpfen (Pisces: Cyprinodontidae). Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Int. 80: 19–40.Google Scholar
  20. Villwock, W., A. Scholl & F. Krupp. 1983. Zur Taxonomie, Verbreitung and Speziation des Formenkreises Aphanius dispar (Rüppell, 1828) and Beschreibung von Aphanius sirhani n. sp. (Pisces: Cyprinodontidae). Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 80: 251–277.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian W. Coad
    • 1
  1. 1.Ichthyology SectionNational Museum of Natural SciencesOttawaCanada

Personalised recommendations